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Chapter 1 Lecture Presentation

Accessing Your Health

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

Why Health, Why Now?
•  Choosing healthy behaviors now will provide immediate benefits. •  Choosing health now will help bring long-term rewards.

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

Personal Choices Influence Your Life Expectancy
•  Life expectancy has almost doubled over the last 100 years, moving from about 47 years in the early 1900s to over 78 years for a child born in 2010.

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

Personal Choices Influence Your Life Expectancy
•  In 1900, over 30% of all deaths occurred among children under the age of 5. Infectious disease was the leading cause of these deaths. •  With the development of vaccines and antibiotics, life expectancy increased dramatically and the leading cause of death shifted to chronic diseases.

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

Life Expectancy
•  Life expectancy has almost doubled over the last 100 years •  47 years in the early 1900s •  78 years for a child born in 2010.

•  In 1900, over 30% of all deaths occurred among children under the age of 5. •  Infectious disease was the leading cause of these deaths.

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

Personal Choices Influence Your Life Expectancy
•  With the development of vaccines and antibiotics, life expectancy increased dramatically and the leading cause of death shifted to chronic diseases.

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

Leading Causes of Death in the United States, 2007, Overall and by Age Group (15 and older)

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

The Ten Greatest Public Health Achievements of the 20th Century

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

Choose Health Now to Benefit Others
•  Personal lifestyle choices contribute to the burden of disease. •  Direct medical cost from obesity reached as high as $147 billion in 2008. •  About half of this cost was paid by Medicaid and Medicare.

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

What Is Health?
•  Is health just the absence of disease? •  Is health being in good physical shape and being able to resist illness?

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

What Is Health?
•  The Medical Model views health status as focused on the individual and a biological or diseased organ perspective. •  The Public Health Model views health as a result of the individual’s interactions with the social and physical environment.

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

Wellness and the Dimensions of Health
•  Physical health: body size and functioning •  Social health: interpersonal network and successful interaction with others •  Intellectual health: ability to think clearly and make responsible decisions

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

Wellness and the Dimensions of Health
•  Emotional health: ability to express emotions and maintain a level of self-confidence •  Environmental and planetary health: appreciation of one’s external environment •  Spiritual health: having a sense of meaning and purpose in one’s life

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

The Dimensions of Health

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The Wellness Continuum

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

What Influences Your Health?
•  Biology refers to an individual’s genetics, ethnicity, age, and gender. •  Biological determinants cannot be changed; they are nonmodifiable determinants. •  Behaviors are an individual’s responses to internal and external conditions. •  Behaviors can be changed… •  They are modifiable determinants.

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

Top Ten Reported Impediments to Academic Performance—Past 12 Months

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

Four Leading Causes of Chronic Disease in the United States

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

Social Environment: Healthy?
•  Economic disadvantages affect all determinants of health. •  Lack of access to quality education •  Living in poor housing •  Being unable to pay for nourishing food and other essentials •  Having insecure...
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