Summary of the Books of the Old Testament Books

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  • Topic: Book of Ruth, Tanakh, David
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Sharon E. Jackson

L24694858

201230 Summer 2012 BIBL 104-B77 LUO

June 20, 2012

Summary of the books of the Old Testament Books

Leviticus

The book of Leviticus is principally written law material. Specific key themes and events include starting with God calling Moses to tell the Israelites to brings their burnt offerings (livestock) a male from the herd without blemish and bring them to the door of the Tent of meeting that he may be accepted before the Lord. This starts the instructions for the priest and people of Israel of the various offerings: burnt, cereal, peace, purification, reparation (or sin) offerings that were to be used, although the priests are essential for handling the blood, carrying out the sacrifice and dividing the "portions", needs to know how this is to be done. Sacrifices are to be divided between God, the priest, and the one who brought the sacrifice, although in some cases the entire sacrifice is a single portion consigned to God - i.e., burnt to ashes. As it describes the consecration of Aaron and his sons as the first priests, the first sacrifices, and God's destruction of two of Aaron's sons for ritual offenses it also describes the consequences of not following God’s instructions. As Aaron's sons Nadab and Abihu took their censers, put fire in them and added incense; and they offered unauthorized fire before the LORD, contrary to his command. Moses has to warn Aaron that although he had lost two sons (due to their failure to follow God’s order) the dedication worshipping of God had to continue. This also goes to show that the guidelines of priests to serve as intermediaries between God and his people and to communicate God’s word to his people was a very distinctive position which meant that even though their offense might have seemed trivial and the punishment to great God could not let that insult go unpunished.

Ruth

The genre of this book is of narrative material. The theme of the book is personal dedication and self-sacrifice to God and family; it also demonstrates how non-Israelite fit into Gods plan into the nation and the importance of faithfulness in the covenant. And it also tells of the non-royalty lineage into the nation’s greatest king. It begins with famine for God punishing the nation during one of their periods of rebellion. A woman named Naomi lost her husband and her two sons in Moab. After the death of her sons Naomi hears that the Lord provided food in Israel and prepares to return to Judah. Even on the road to Judah there is conflict with in Naomi. Naomi tells her daughters-in-law that they should stay in Moab and find new husbands for she feels that the Lord has left her and life is hard for women without a husband in those times. One daughter-in-law Orpah kisses Naomi and goes to her parents’ home; but Ruth refuses to leave Naomi's side. Ruth makes a vow to go with Naomi wherever she goes and to serve Naomi’s God. Naomi and Ruth travel back to Bethlehem where even there Naomi changes her name to Mara for she feels that the Lord has afflicted her as she and her husband not followed Lords instruction about not forsaking their inheritance and they had not done so when they left Moab. Ruth goes out in the fields to pick leftover grain to provide for mother-in-law Naomi. Ruth accidentally begins to pick grain in the fields of Boaz who is a relative of Naomi's deceased husband Elimelech. Boaz shows favor to Ruth. Naomi praises the Lord for leading Ruth to Boaz's fields. Naomi realizes she needs to find Ruth a new home and husband and with Ruth being a Moabite her chances of being accepted by an Israelite are slim. Naomi recognizes that Boaz is her kinsmen redeemer. So Naomi decided that since Boaz didn’t make a move Ruth should. So she advised Ruth to propose marriage to him. Ruth lies at the feet of Boaz on the threshing floor and Boaz praises her for it. Boaz gives Ruth extra grain to take back to Naomi. One man stands first in-line to...
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