Group 6. Chapter 2
MANAGEMENT – PAST TO PRESENT
Management is one of the first technique that every organizations should think about if they want to be succeed. In chapter 2, you will become acquainted with the historical roots of management and learn how they created the knowledge base that today helps you and others become better managers. The study of management begins with the classical approaches including three points: scientific management, administrative principles and bureaucratic organization .First, according to Frederic Taylor’s four principles, scientific management could develop rules of motion, focused on the need to carefully select, train and support workers for individual task performance. Moreover, Gilbreths stated that scientific management will motion study and eliminate wasted motions. We can learn many practical lessons from scientific management such as making results-based compensation, designing jobs, selecting and training workers. What about administrative principles? There are five rules (Foresight, Organization, Command, Coordination, Control) and three key principles of management(Scalar chain, Unity of command, Unity of direction. Henri Fayol suggests that managers should learn what are now known as the management functions of planning, organizing, leading and controlling. In addition, Mary Parker Follett divides administrative principles into two kinds: groups and human cooperation and forward-looking management insights. The last branch is bureaucratic organization – thinking of Max Weber. Bureaucracy is an ideal, intentionally rational, and very efficient form of organization. It is based on principles of logic, order, and legitimate authority. Bureaucracy has many good characteristics such as: clear division of labor, clear hierarchy of authority, formal rules and procedures, impersonality, and careers based on merit. Besides that, it also has some disadvantages like excessive paperwork, slowness in handling problems,...
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