Summary of Eros and Civilization: Marcuse

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Eros and civilization:
Xi Break fatal union of productivity and destruction, liberty and repression.rational for continued acceptance of domination, scarcity artificially perpetuated. Strengthened by even more efficient forms of social control: very forces that rendered society capable of pacifying struggle for existence served to repress in the individuals the need for such liberation. High standards of living reconcile people with their life and rulers + social engineering of the soul and science of human relations provide libidinal cathexis. Xii Scientific managment of instinctual needs has become a vital factor in the reproduction of the system: merchandise which has to be bought and used is made into objects of the libido; national Ennemy distorted that he can activate and satisfy aggressivness in the depth dimension of the unconscious. Mass democracy as pol paraphernalia for effectuating this introjection of the Reality Principle (pleasure postponed or diminished, when reasonably taken environment into account). Masters dissapear behind technological veil of productive and destructive apparatus which they control. Collaboration: concealed costs of benefits:xiii introjected heteronomy price for freedom. Liberation (no sense if belong not to oppressed minority) surplus repression (no sense because sexuaul liberty) But this freedom and satisfaction: hell. Pockets of poverty in a growing society capable of eliminating them gradually and without catastrophe.eliminated at what cost (human lives). Pov and exploitation products of eco freedom. New liberty (from masters) turns out to be submission not to the rule of law but to the rule of law of the others. ‘voluntary servitude’ increasingly rewarding and palatable. Xiv increasing closing of other possible ways of life. This union of freedom and servitude has become natural and a vehicle for progress. Prosperity as prerequisite and by-product of a self-propelling productivity seeking new outlets for consumption...
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