This is a summary of the 13 chapters of a history of Belize by Assad Shoman. It entails tables, maps and boxes, acknowledgments, foreword, introduction, map of Belize, then the thirteen chapters, notes, bibliography and index. It has 323 pages, 13 pictures, 16 tables, 3 maps, and 3 boxes. Assad shoman’s engaging about the social, political and economic history of Belize compelling relates the rich history of the peoples of Belize to the present condition in which the country finds itself. He scrutinizes some of the most culturally and politically sensitive aspects of Belize’s history, without flinching and with a passionate viewpoint. Assad not only presents us with the historical data, but offers us some explanation and interpretation of what the hard facts mean. Chapter 1
This chapter is a history of Belize which intents to clarify the formation and development of the present state. The presence of the British, in turn resulted from the coming of Christopher Columbus to the Americans and the subsequent incursions by various European powers. Columbus thought that he had lands in India. The Maya Frontier includes the division of ancient Maya Civilization. It was divided into three periods. The pre-classic, classic and the post classic. The Mayan continues to re cerate their civilization with accommodations and adjustment reflecting their particular environment. The classic period saw the culminations of the tremendous achievements that began appearing in the pre- classic period, and that’s architecture, the arts, mathematics, astronomy and writing. During the classic period said to be so called, Maya civilization between 250A.D and 900 A.D, the Maya area include southern Mexico. Western Honduras and El Salvador, Guatemala and Belize, What is now? Several sites in Belize served as important points. The territory known as Belize includes three distinct Maya area of control when the Spaniards arrived. The first two had the greatest contacts with the Europeans. Maya society at the time of contact, when the Maya collapse that does not make them to disappear. Revert to the disorganized bands it just make them continue to live and organized society, to practice their religion also to engage trade and other relations with different communities near and far. The Maya relied primarily on collective labor to meet their various obligations. The position of women in the Maya society is not yet understood, they cannot say if male dominance was accentuated as a result of the totally male character of the early Spanish presence. Maya- Spanish contact women were prime suffers in the enterprise, being the victim of rape, torture and abuse. Eduardo Galeano cites and incident where natives peoples surround a Spanish fort and call on them to surrender. The time when Davila proceeded to Chetumal he found that the town was completely deserted, the Maya having melted away in the bush. By 1630 the Maya of Belize were showing open signs of revolt again and more than a few villages on the Sibun and also Sittee Rivers were abandoned. The Maya were subjected to all manner4 of indignities and brutality. Regardless of their decimation, the horror and their lost also their age of old spirit of resistance struggle. The men and women lived to fight another day.
At the dawn of the 17th century, Spain was the European Country which controlled and dominated the ‘Caribbean Space’ in the ‘New World. It did not remain in control for long and in the 17th and 18th centuries the Caribbean was in a war zone. British Pirates and those of the other nations raided Spanish ships for whatever lucrative cargo they carried. In the middle 17th century the British pirates eventually decided that is was safer to cut logwood themselves than wrest it from the Spaniards. This was also as a result of the treaty of Madrid (1670) to suppress piracy hence the pirates began to look for places where the wood source was available. The British attempted to cut...
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