Summary Guide to Referencing

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Summary Guide to Harvard Referencing

BOOKS

Book with one author

Reference List

Bell, J. (2010) Doing your research project. 5th edn. Maidenhead: Open University Press

In-text citation

According to Bell (2010) it is essential to consult a full range of sources.

Or:

It is essential to consult a full range of sources in academic research (Bell, 2010)

Book with two authors

Reference List

Sloman, J. and Wride, A. (2009) Economics. 7th edn. Harlow: Pearson

In-text citation

According to Sloman and Wride (2009) ..

Or:

The causes of unemployment in the general population are complex.(Sloman and Wride, 2009)

Book with three or more authors

Reference List

Anderson, D., Sweeney, D., Williams, T. and Wisniewski, M. (2009) An introduction to Management Science: quantitative approaches to decision making. London: Cengage Learning

In-text citation

According to Anderson et al (2009) quantitative approaches are an increasingly important element in effective decision making.

Or:

Quantitative approaches are an increasingly important element in effective decision making. (Anderson et al, 2009)

Book with an editor

Reference List

Prest, W (ed.) (1987) The professions in Early Modern England. London: Croom Helm

In-text citation

Prest (1987) states that the formation of the professions was a complex process that evolved over several hundred years.

Or:

The formation of the professions was a complex process that evolved over several hundred years. (Prest, 1987)

Chapters / sections of edited books

Reference List

List the author of the individual chapter or chapters you are using, not the editor; add page numbers.

Franklin, A.W. (2002) ‘Management of the Problem’, in Smith, S.M. (ed.) The maltreatment of children, Lancaster: MTP, pp. 83-95.

In-text citation

Franklin (2002) stresses the need for regular reviews of the procedures in place to manage all cases, particularly those involving children of pre-school age.

Or:

In recent years increasingly tight procedures have been adopted within cases involving abuse within families. (Franklin, 2002)

Author cited in a book by a different writer.

Reference List

Mullins, L.J. (2006) Essentials of Organisational Behaviour. 3rd edn. Harlow: Pearson

In-text

Maslow (in Mullins, 2006) devised a hierarchy of needs as a model for human motivation.

The theory of the ‘hierarchy of needs’ offers a model to explain human motivation. (Maslow in Mullins, 2006)

Reference Book (with no author)

Reference List

Oxford Dictionary of Business and Management 5th edition. (2009) Oxford: Oxford University Press

In-text citation

The Oxford Dictionary of Business and Management (2009) defines leadership as…

Or:

Leadership theories can be placed in three main categories: trait, behavioural and cognitive theories (Oxford Dictionary of Business and Management,2009, p. 325)

FILMS AND TELEVISION ON DVD

Feature Films (DVD)

Reference list

Invictus (2009) Directed by C. Eastwood [DVD]. Los Angeles: Warner Brothers Inc.

In-text citation

‘The film Invictus (2009) gives an account of Nelson Mandela’s leadership skills in action’.

Or:

‘As president of South Africa, Nelson Mandela faced the challenge of how to re-unite the “rainbow” nation’(Invictus, 2009)

Television Programmes (DVD)

Reference list

‘Revolution’ (2009) A History of Modern Britain, Episode 4. Written by A. Marr, First Broadcast 2007 [DVD]. London: BBC DVD.

In-text citation

‘Revolution’(2009) gives a useful overview of the rise and fall of Margaret Thatcher’s fortunes as British Prime Minister.

Or:

Margaret Thatcher’s popularity as British Prime Minister increased in the aftermath of the Falklands War in 1982. (Revolution, 2009)

Television Programme (BBC i-player)

Reference list

‘Denver Mill’ (2012) The Fixer, episode 6, BBC Two Television, 6 March. [Online] Available at:...
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