A. “Sultan Muhamad Al Fateh, Penakluk Konstantinopel” (2008) by Abdul Latip Talib (PTS Litera Utama Sdn.Bhd).
B. “Sultan Muhammad Al-Fatih Dan Pembukaan Istanbul 1453M” by Hasrizal Abdul Jamil (2010).
C. “Seminar Kepimpinan Islam: Legasi 3 Kuasa” on 11th May 2013 at Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia.
WHO IS MUHAMMAD AL FATEH?
1. Before we embark in this paper of leadership, a bit of introduction about the leader himself. Sultan Muhammad Al-Fateh was born on 29th Mar 1432 at Adrianapolis (a place now known as Adrionaple, in Edirne, Turkey). He was the ruler of Ottoman Empire at the age of 19 and rule for 30 years (1451 – 1481). He died at the age of 49 due to been poisoned by one of his doctor (Ref A).
WHAT WAS HIS KNOWN ABOUT?
2. He was known as the Islamic Warrior that conquers Constantinople in 29 May 1453. That was how he was given the nick name “Al Fateh” means “the opener” as he is the one that open up Constantinople.
3. To analyse the leadership qualities possessed by Sultan Muhammad Al-Fateh based on concept of leadership model and style.
THE CONCEPT OF LEADERSHIP
4. There are a lot of definitions and theories of leadership found in books and internet. It seems that leadership is a broad subject and can be look from many angles. For the purpose of this paper, the concept of leadership will be structured as follows:
a. Definitions of Leadership.
b. Types of Leadership Style.
c. Qualities of a Good Leadership.
d. Theories of Leadership – Great Man Theories.
DEFINITION OF LEADERSHIP
5. As Lt Col Clark Smith (DS 30) said in his article about “Saddam Hussein – A Leadership Study”, “defining leadership is no easy task”. After looking some of the definitions, I have chosen a few leadership definitions that would define Sultan Muhammad Al-Fateh’s leadership:
a. Chemers M (1997) described leadership as “a process of social influence in which one person... [continues]
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