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Report Prepared by the Centre for Agricultural & Regional Economics Pty Ltd for the NSW Office of Environment and Heritage
This report was prepared by the Centre for Agricultural and Regional Economics Pty Ltd in good faith exercising all due care and attention, but no representation or warranty, express or implied, is made as to the relevance, accuracy, completeness or fitness for purpose of this document in respect of any particular user’s circumstances. Users of this document should satisfy themselves concerning its application to, and where necessary seek expert advice in respect of, their situation. The views expressed within are not necessarily the views of the NSW Office of Environment and Heritage (OEH) and may not represent OEH policy. © Copyright State of NSW and the Office of Environment and Heritage iii

Executive Summary
Pollution originating from diffuse and point sources may impact negatively on marine environments, including marine parks. This can have undesirable economic consequences for use and non‐use values, both within and outside the reserved area. Bioeconomic modelling, where the biophysical and economic components of the marine system are explicitly represented and linked is one method for assessing the ecological and economic outcomes of pollution. Models can be used to determine the magnitude of economic impacts, provide insights into cost‐effective pollution abatement options, help to measure the effectiveness of marine reserves as a buffer against pollution shocks, and examine optimal levels of pollution abatement.

This report provides a literature review of studies that may help inform future bioeconomic modelling of pollution in NSW marine parks. Due to the limited number of Australian studies directly related to this topic (and most of those are focussed on the Great Barrier Reef), a range of other relevant studies are...
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