Mineralogy Spring 2013
Sulfur is a nonmetallic element that was founded in 1777 by Antoine Lavoisier. The element falls in the sixteenth group of the periodic table. Sulfur’s symbol is S and it’s atomic weight is 32.064 grams. Sulfur is derived from Sanskrit Sulrive and the Latin word Sulphurium. Sulfur is a yellow nonmetallic element that has no odor and no taste. Sulfur is a critical raw element that industrial nations use for certain processes and of course for production. Under normal conditions, sulfur atoms form a cyclic molecule called Octatomic that chemical formula is S8. Sulfur has bright yellow crystalline that is in a solid form at room temperature. Chemically, sulfur can react as a reduction agent or an oxidant. It oxidizes several nonmetals and most common metals. Sulfur also has an effect on oxidants mostly reducing them two common elements would be oxygen and fluorine. A blue flame is produced when sulfur is burned. Due to this fact, it burns very readily making it essential in matches, gunpowder, and fireworks. This element is crucial to life itself is found in animals, vegetables, and protein. As I was saying earlier sulfur has a unique smell that is compared to rotten eggs due to hydrogen sulfide. Since sulfur is such an abundant element it ranks 16th in the most important elements in the earth crust. Sulfur is a native element that is found commonly in salt domes in the gulf region of the U.S states not only is the element found their but is found also in active and extinctive volcanoes. It able to be extract commercially from pyrite once it mined. For domestic production about ninety percent is converted to Sulfuric acid. Our human body even needs sulfur to survive. It an important element because it contains amino acids that are found in hair, skin, and nails. Sulfur is represented in Methionine and Taurine which produce an important acid called bile that is used in the...
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