Examine the reign of Süleyman the Magnificent. How large of an empire did he conquer? How was he able to build an empire that large? How powerful and wealthy was he? Discuss the magnificence of his court.
Introduction: Süleyman the Magnificent, the tenth and longest-reigning Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, ruled from 1520 to 1566. As a ruler, Süleyman was heralded for greatness and longevity, due in a large part to his successes in geographic expansion, legislation and education, as well as his cultural and artistic interests. All of this helped to define the reign of Süleyman as a "Golden Age." From his massive territory gains, Süleyman secured universal respect and strengthened his influence in society with his laws. Soon taking on names as Süleyman 'The Law Maker".
Geographic Expansion: Every new sultan was expected to begin his reign by expanding the empire. Süleyman set his sights on Belgrade in Hungary, the stepping-stone to Europe. As the head of the Ottoman dynasty, he had to assert himself as such. A year after he ascended the throne, he and his army headed toward Belgrade and captured the historic City. It was from there that his army and territory could move west. A year later Süleyman switched his focus to Rhodes, a small island with a large Christian population in an otherwise Muslim and Ottoman sea. However, Rhodes was home to fifty thousand staunch defenders and one of the strongest forts in the world. In a large part, Süleyman's successes in expansion were due to his harnessing of gunpowder. The success of this technology can be clearly seen in the large and powerful cannons Süleyman's army was noted for . However in the Rhodes battle Süleyman's men used gunpowder in explosives to undermine the underside of the supports to the walls of the large fort. This move was pivotal in the 145-day war on Rhodes, which ended in a truce and a win for Süleyman and the Ottomans. In addition to their new use of gunpowder, Süleyman's army learned...
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