Chapter 1: Introduction
Teenage suicide, unfortunately, occurs in every corner of the world. It is a very serious problem and has been labeled as a growing epidemic by many health professionals worldwide. In Malaysia, the rate of suicide is alarming. According to the report of a local newspaper in Malaysia, Nanyang Siang Pao (2011), there was 445 suicidal cases (347 males and 98 females) reported for the first eight months of 2011 as compared to 290 cases in 2008. This accounts for the generally higher record of suicide attempts in males than females in the Malaysian context. In addition, the rates for those of 30-39 years (109 cases) and 20-29 years old (108 cases) was significantly higher compared with other age cohorts. The report further revealed that suicidal acts are culture-bound. Most cases have been linked to suffering from perceived burdensomeness which includes emotion, study and work (Nanyang Siang Pao, 2011). 1.1 Background
A news from New Straits Times on Friday, March 23, 2012. The cases happed in Alor Gajah, a 17 year old Indian boy call Premkumar commit suicide by have consumed poison because of failure in SijilPelajaran Malaysia examination result. Because of his stressed and emotionally disturbed after collecting the result, which showed that he had failed in the examination. News from the Nanyang Siang Pao, that a 22 year old (Born 22nd May 1988) teenage, ALVISS KONG who committed suicide because of relationship problems by jumping off the 14th floor of Ketumbar Heights, Cheras. 1.2 Definition
Suicide is defined as the intentional taking of one's own life. Prior to the late nineteenth century, suicide was legally defined as a criminal act in most Western countries. In the social climate of the early 2000s, however, suicidal behavior is most commonly regarded and responded to as a psychiatric emergency.
1.3 Objective of Research
The purpose of the research is to investigate that the views of teenager about the suicide nowadays. Besides that, to investigate the solutions to minimize the rate of the suicide cases. But no least ,to find out the reasons that cause the teenager to commit suicide. The data majority were collected from the UCSI student and the data demonstrated the association between teenager and their view about suicide.
-1.3.1 Problem increasing causes
Most of problem increasing causes is credited to increased education; more outreach programs, better support systems, as well as more individuals accessing treatments, including prescription drugs, for psychological problems like depression.
-1.3.2 Ways of preventing suicidal attempts
Based on the above evidences discussed, it is clear that there are various factors that may instigate a suicide attempt. Moreover, there seems to be cultural influences as well, with different countries having different factors as the main cause. Instead of just focusing on the negative issues, let’s look at the brighter side and figure out what can be done to prevent suicide attempts. Some studies have offered some intriguing answers. A study was conducted on 2722 adolescents by Flouri and Buchanan (2002) and they found that parental involvement (e.g. direct interaction with the child, availability to the child, and responsibility for the care of the child) is a protective factor as it seems to prevent suicide attempts. Religion also seems to play a part in preventing suicides. It has been noted that Islamic countries tend to have one of the lowest suicide rates in the world (Brown, 2001). This could be due to the fact that Islam fervently condemns suicide.
One of it limitation would be that the research would focus on cases of those who have attempted suicides, as those person would be accessible for study. Another limitation, it is expected that there might be difficulty in getting volunteers for interviews, as the stigma of suicide will discourage those who are attempted suicide to admit their feeling and...
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