Suicide and The African-American Adolescent Male and Suicide

Topics: Cognitive behavioral therapy, Sociology, African American Pages: 11 (1906 words) Published: September 14, 2014
Running head: AFRICAN- AMERICAN ADOLESCENT MALES AND SUICIDE

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An Exploration of the African- American Adolescent Male and Suicide Tonya V. Fentress
Norfolk State University

Author Note
Tonya V. Fentress, Department of Interdisciplinary Studies, Norfolk State University. Correspondence concerning this paper should be addressed to Tonya V. Fentress, Department of Interdisciplinary Studies, Norfolk State University, 700 Park Avenue, Norfolk, VA 23504.EMail: t.l.valentine@spartans.nsu.edu

Running head: RISE IN SUICIDES OF AFRICAN-AMERICAN TEEN MALES

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Abstract
The purpose of this paper is to use two theories from two disciplines to create a new hybrid theory. The new hybrid theory explains factors that contribute to the rate of increase of suicides in African-American Teen Males population within the last 10 years. Beck’s cognitive behavior theory from behavior psychology and Durkheim’s suicide/social integration and moral regulation theory lend much insight to creating a new hybrid theory which explains the factors of rising suicides of African-American Teen Males.

AFRICAN- AMERICAN ADOLESCENT MALES AND SUICIDE

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An Exploration of the African- American Adolescent Male and Suicide According to the American Association of Suicidology, the rate of suicides among African-American Males rose rapidly in the late 1980’s, peaked in the late 1990’s and the percentages are significant currently (http://www.suicidology.org). As of late, the numbers decreased but still carries a stigma within the African-American community. Studies are not as prevalent in the African-American community as is other ethic groups. Wilson’s (1987, 1996) deindustrialization thesis focuses on the research of young African-American Males increased suicides rate being a by product of macro-social characteristics of society (Kubrin, Wadsworth, & DiPietro, 2006, p. 1559). Negating the perception that suicide is not a problem in the AfricanAmerica community, particularly young males as the statistics indicate the vast increase of 146% suicides during 1980-1995 (CDC 1998: 194) is a plausible reason to look to a theory to gain a holistic approach to this phenomenon.

Being a mother to a young African American male, this societal issue of the increased rate of suicides is alarming and the factors that contribute to this phenomenon are as well. I intend on providing information to my son and other’s in my sphere of influence the warning signs and other indicators that can prevent this horrific tragedy that plagues the AfricanAmerican community. The research of Suicides among African-American young males has many theories as to why it happens, as well as the sources of what leads them to this selfdestructive behavior. I in my research will not attempt to solve the phenomenon in this paper, but will formulate a representative model of causes of increased rate of Suicides in AfricanAmerican Teen Males.

AFRICAN- AMERICAN ADOLESCENT MALES AND SUICIDE

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Research Map
What is the purpose of the research?
To Explore the African-American Adolescent Male and Suicide

What are the assumptions of
each discipline?
What disciplines are potentially relevant?
Psychology
Sociology
History
Economics
Applied Professional

Psychology- Because of others' inability
to directly occupy the mental world of the
suicidal, suicide appears to elude easy
explanation
Sociology – The idea that AfricanAmerican’s do not commit suicide. History – Suicide is limited to an ethnic
group.
Economics – Economic conditions dictate
suicide
Applied Professional – Stigma causes the
individual not to seek help.

What are the perspectives of each
discipline on the problem?
Psychology – Cognitive Behavior Theory
Hopelessness Theory
Sociology – Suicide..Social Integration
and Moral Regulation
History – Prior to 1980 there were not
many Suicides reported in the United
States.
Economist – Poverty is viewed a
dominant factor in Depression

Are...
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