Sugarcane Thesis

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  • Topic: Sugarcane, Sugar, Ethanol fuel
  • Pages : 5 (1570 words )
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  • Published : February 7, 2013
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Chapter 1:Project Background
Introduction:
Sugar cane is the major source of sugar. In Central Luzon, Tarlac has the largest plantation of sugar cane. In Angeles City, companies like Weaverscraft, Incorporated, Golden Cane Furniture Manufacturing, R.A.D.S. Furniture and Modelo, and ZAIJO Woodline Incorporated are into sugar cane business. (Yalwa, 2008)

Since, Angeles City is said to be the “Sister City of Makati City”, many would assume that it is purely centralized. The proponents observed the lack of the preservation of the environment in the city. There are masses of industrial fields that are converted to new bridges, villas, buildings, malls, and subdivisions. The proponents arise with converting sugar cane’s skin into blinds.

The sugar cane’s skin usually goes to the manufacturer’s garbage bins. Since the proponents are into the preservation of the nature, the skin of the sugar cane will no longer be a trash. Instead, it will be used as the raw material of a unique and creative household decoration – blinds.

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND:
Sugarcane, or Sugar cane, is any of six to 37 of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum. Native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South Asia, they have stout jointed fibrous stalks that are rich in sugar, and measure two to six meters (6 to 19 feet) tall. All sugar cane species interbreed, and the major commercial cultivars are complex hybrids. Sugarcane belongs to the grass family (Poaceae), an economically important seed plant family that includes maize, wheat, rice, and sorghum and many forage crops. The main product of sugarcane is sucrose, which accumulates in the stalk internodes. Sucrose, extracted and purified in specialized mill factories, is used as raw material in human food industries or is fermented to produce ethanol, a low pollution fuel. Ethanol is produced on a large scale by the Brazilian sugarcane industry. Sugarcane is the world's largest crop. The world demand for sugar is the primary driver of sugarcane agriculture. Cane accounts for 80% of sugar produced; most of the rest is made from sugar beets. Sugarcane predominantly grows in the tropical and subtropical regions. Other than sugar, products derived from sugarcane include falernum, molasses, rum and bagasse and ethanol. In some regions, people use sugarcane reeds to make pens, mats, screens, and thatch. (Wiki.Org. 2008) Paper and wood products get another eco-friendly byproduct in the Bagasse of Sugarcane, that part which remains after sugarcane stalks are crushed. It is these same parts that have been discovered to be included in the sugarcane refinement process, producing new biodegradable products to help reduce the growing waste problem known today. (Pmo.Gov.Mu. 2008)

Aside from sugar, sugar cane is used as a raw material for producing different products. In different countries abroad, sugar cane is widely used for bioenergy. In the country, sugar cane is widely used for producing sugar, paper, furniture, handmade crafts, and even household utensils. NORFARCO ( Norphil Farmers Multi-Purpose Cooperative) come up to the idea of turning the waste of sugar cane into an organic fertilizer. Because of the violation of CARSUMO, a company manufactured and produced sugar, NORFARCO conceptualized a productive idea. From the environmental mess, NORFARCO welcome the opportunity to the cooperative – using CARSUMO and other biodegradable agricultural waste. (Bautista. 2008)

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE:
Humans have cultivated sugarcane for many centuries to produce sugar. But only recently has high-tech innovation started unlocking other useful products that are clean and renewable. Use of sugarcane is expanding into extraordinarily diverse range of value-added products that include: Sugar: The world’s favorite high-energy and all-natural sweetener. Ethanol: A clean, affordable, and renewable transportation fuel. Bioelectricity: Leftover sugarcane biomass can be burned and...
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