Sugar's Effect on Human Society

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Harvin Gill
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* Sugar plays a huge role in human society in today’s world as it also did in the past. There are advantages and disadvantages to sugar being a part of our society and here are some. Pro’s:

In ancient times, sugar wasn’t cheap and instead honey was used or you would have to chew on sugar cane to get the taste of sugar but could not put it on anything. Since the refinement of sugar, today’s world is now able to enjoy sugar in food. Sugar is said to have originated from South Asia and Southeast Asia. Therefor it benefitted India and China for a long time. In India it is the second-largest agro-industry: sugar cane farmers number about 50 million and employ millions under them resulting in a great number of jobs. As for the Chinese, in ancient times sugar was rarely used in foods and instead used as medicine and the rest of the sugar cane would be used for hats and other items of clothing and decorations.

From 1792 to 1815, when much of Europe was at war, British naval blockades forced mainland Europe to look for an alternative to cane sugar. The solution was sugar beets, and since this period, Europe has gotten much of its sugar from beets. Sugar beets are much cheaper and easier to grow than sugar cane as it does not require tropical or semi-tropical climates to grow. Besides being used as a sweetener, sugar is also used as a preservative. For example, sugar helps to slow down the growth of bacteria in jam. It can also be used as a bulking agent, or food additive, to get a certain kind of texture. Sometimes it's added to accelerate fermentation or to change the boiling or freezing point of a dish.

Other than being used in cooking, sugarcane is also popular for use in ethanol, which produces fewer greenhouse gas emissions than gasoline. If sugar-based ethanol falls out of favor, a back-up plan or maybe even a successor might be sugar-devouring microorganisms. An example of one would be Rhodoferax ferrireducens, feeds on...
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