The Native American is a subordinate group in the United States. A subordinate group is a minority group whose members have significantly less control or power over their own lives than do the members of a dominant or majority group. Some other examples of subordinate groups in the United States are Hawaiians, African Americans, Chinese Americans, Polish Americans and Puerto Ricans. A subordinate group has five characteristics. They are unequal treatment, distinguishing physical or cultural traits, involuntary membership, awareness of subordination, and in-group marriage. There are four types of subordinate groups. They are racial groups, ethnicity groups, religion groups and gender groups.
The Native Americans encounter unequal treatment and have less power over their lives than members of a dominant group have over theirs. Prejudice, discrimination, segregation, and even extermination create this social inequality.
Members of a minority group share physical or cultural characteristics that distinguish them from the dominant group, such as skin color or language. Native Americans have Mongolic features, coarse, straight black hair, dark eyes, sparse body hair, and a skin color ranging from yellow-brown to reddish brown. Each society has its own arbitrary standard for determining which characteristics are most important in defining dominant and minority groups.
The Native American people migrated to North America from Asia through the Bering Strait or along the north pacific coast. From Alaska, they spread east and south. Scholars believe that they migrated anywhere from 12,000 to 25,000 years ago.
Annexation occurs, when the dominant power generally suppresses the language and culture of the minority. In the late 1820s, under President Andrew Jackson, the U.S. government sought to force Indian tribes to surrender their tribal lands and move west beyond the Mississippi River to isolated western territory....