Subhash Chandra Bose

Topics: Indian National Congress, Indian independence movement, India Pages: 4 (1437 words) Published: June 21, 2012
Subhas Chandra Bose ( listen (help•info); January 1897 – 18 August 1945 [unconfirmed]) byname Netaji (Hindi: “Respected leader”) was an Indian revolutionary who led an Indian national force against the British Raj (and therefore also against the allied Western powers) during World War II. Bose was one of the most prominent leaders in the Indian independence movement and is a legendary figure in India today. He is presumed to have died "in absentia" on 18 August 1945 from injuries sustained in an alleged aircraft crash in Taihoku (Taipei). However, no actual evidence of the death of Subhas Chandra Bose on that day has ever been officially authenticated and many committees were set up by the government of India to investigate the mystery of his presumed death.[1] Subhas Chandra Bose was born in a Bengali family on January 23, 1897[2] in Cuttack, Orissa, to Janakinath Bose, anadvocate and Prabhavati Devi.[3] His parents' ancestral house was at Kodalia village (near Baruipur; now known asShubhashgram, South 24 Parganas, West Bengal).[4] He was the ninth child of a total of fourteen siblings. He studied in an Anglo school (Stewart School) at Cuttack until the seventh standard as that time Stewart School functioned till seventh standard and then shifted to Ravenshaw Collegiate School. From there he went to the Presidency Collegewhere he studied briefly. His nationalistic temperament came to light when he was expelled for assaulting Professor Oaten for his anti-India comments. Bose later topped the matriculation examination of Calcutta province in 1911 and passed his B.A. in 1918 in philosophy from the Scottish Church College under University of Calcutta. Subhas Chandra Bose left India in 1919 for England with a promise to his father that he would appear in the Indian Civil Services Examination. He was selected in his first attempt, but he did not want to work under an alien rule. He resigned his civil service job and returned to India. Bose went to study in...
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