Stylistic Variation

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INTRODUCTION

Within any speech community , there are degrees of language variation. The geographical location of an individual; their socio-economic background; their education and even their gender are all significant factors in language variation.

Individuals differ in the manner in which they speak their native tongue, although usually not markedly within a small area. These variations in language constitutes its dialects. All languages are continuously changing but if there is a common change it has never been convincingly described. Various factors especially the use of written language have led to the development of a standard language in most of the major speech communities a special official dialect of a language that is theoretically maintained unchanged In recent years considerable attention has been paid to stylistic variation in linguistic description. Variation which used to be described as free has lately been described as fitting within identifiable linguistic or social parameters.

Studying stylistic variation is the main focus of this project which is based on the observation that language variation depends not only on the social and geographic origin , position and trajectories of the speaker but it also varies according to the activity in which one is engaged in. Hopefully I have fulfilled the aims and objectives of this project in detail.

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

1] TO STUDY “WHAT IS LANGUAGE VARIATION?”

2] TO UNDERSTAND THE TYPES OF LANGUAGE VARIATION IN BRIEF.

3] TO STUDY “WHAT IS STYLISTIC VARIATION i.e FORMAL AND INFORMAL”

4] TO UNDERSTAND DIFFERENT TYPES OF REGISTRAL VARIETIES IN STYLISTIC VARIATION.

WHAT IS LANGUAGE VARIATION

Language variation is a major branch in sociolinguistics . Variation in language is principal concern among speakers or group of speakers. Such pronounciation, accent, word choice or lexicon, preferences for particular grammatical patterns. Studies of language variation and its correlation with sociological categories such as William Labov’s 1963 paper – The social motivation of a sound change led to the foundation of sociolinguistics include other topics language variation and change remains an important issue at the heart of the field. Languages vary from one place to another, from one social group to another and from one situation to another . Since the mid twentieth century, linguists have shown increasing interest in the theory that , while no one is born with a predisposition toward any particular language all human beings are genetically endowed with the ability to learn and use language in general.

TYPES OF LANGUAGE VARIATION
Language variation is divided into four types.
1. Regional Variation or Diaects
2. Social Variation or Sociolects
3. Individual Variation or Idiolects
4. Stylistic Variation (i.e Formal or Informal Styles)

Regional Variation
The study of regional variation in english is sometimes known as dialectology. Dialectologists have been interested in different pronounciation, words and grammatical structures used in different parts of the country: How a small river, for instance is called as a burn in scotland and parts of Northumberland, a beck in other parts of northern England and a brok or stream further down south. There have also been studies related to differences between national varieties e.g. The standardized varieties spoken n Britain , North America, Australia, and New Zealand. And there is a considerable contemporary interest in the new Englishes spoken as second language in countries such as Singapore, India and Nigeria are often influenced by local languages in these countries. Thus the same language is spoken differently by people living at differen places states or even...
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