Table of Contents
Chapter One. Stylistic resources of grammatical units on the basis of the English Noun -6 1.1 Functions of the language and connotative meanings-7 1.2 Grammatical Stylistics and Stylistic Grammar-9 1.3 The meaning of the grammatical form-10
1.4 Noun in different functional styles -10 1.5 Stylistic potential of the English noun-11
1.5.1 Stylistic potential of the category of gender-11
1.5.2 Stylistic potential of the category of number-26
1.5.3 Stylistic potential of the category of case-30
1.5.4 Stylistic potential of the category of article determination-34
Chapter Two. Analysis of examples taken from fiction on the basis of considered theoretical phenomena-42
2.1 Analysis of the examples regarding the category of gender-43
2.2 Analysis of the examples regarding the category of number-53
2.3 Analysis of the examples regarding the category of case-55 2.4 Analysis of the examples regarding the category of article determination -59
Nowadays learning a foreign language implies its active practical mastering, what, in its turn, is quite impossible to do grasping just the system of a language, its standard grammar, language factors which correspond only to the literary norms. Do we always stick to the rules while speaking in our native language? The answer will be no. Why do we break them? By doing this deliberately we may express our attitude to what we are saying. We must "know the grammar" to make effective word and stylistic choices when we speak and write. At the same time, breaking grammar "rules" or conventions can be appropriate when rhetorical considerations of audience and purpose call for it. For example, we don't use the same "grammar" to write an Instant Message as we do to write an English paper. So this aspect of learning any language should not be neglected. The approach that would be more effective in this case is functional. Functions of the language are indissolubly connected with the usage of any of its elements. In other words, the emergence of connotative meanings depends on the functions of the language.
The functional approach requires first of all revealing stylistic resources of the language units of its different levels including the grammatical ones. The latter are the object of the new branch of linguastylistics Grammatical Stylistics which basic aim implies study of stylistic means (both expressive and functional) of grammatical units. It can be subdivided into morphological and syntactical one. If the stylistic means of Syntax are not usually cast upon doubt, those of Morphology on the contrary are. In the project there was made an attempt to demonstrate that the reason for this is the result of insufficient study. The other objectives of the present work are: to consider, compare different points of view of linguists concerning the object of study; to organize the material according four nounal categories; to show the stylistic purpose of the usage of studied phenomena; to illustrate connotative meanings of the considered grammatical forms; to put the considered theory into practice.
As to the methods used in the project, the following ones have been applied: comparative (there was made an attempt to consider different linguists’ opinions concerning certain linguistic phenomena); analytical (on considering 36 literal texts there were picked up plenty of examples, that were organized according four nounal categories and analyzed basing on the research made in the theoretical part). In the thesis there was made an attempt to organize the material on the stylistic potential of the English Noun considering...