Simile - a kind of comparison in which two things are com¬pared be¬cause they have something in common though they are in all other respects different. The imagina¬tive compa¬rison is explicitly made with the help of like or as. She walks like an angel. / I wandered lonely as a cloud.
This simile suggests /implies / illustrates that ...
Metaphor - a comparison between two things which are basically quite different without using the words like or as. While a simile only says that one thing is like another, a metaphor says that one thing is another. All the world’s a stage / And all the men and women merely players ... (Shakespeare) Life’s but a walking shadow ... (Shakespeare Macbeth)
‘Night’ is often used as a metaphor for ‘evil’. He uses ‘night’ as a metaphorical equivalent of ‘evil’. Personification: a kind of metaphor in which animals, plants, inanimate objects or ab¬stract ideas are represented as if they were human beings and possessed human qualities. Justice is blind. Necessity is the mother of invention.
Eros is a personification of love. Eros personifies love.
Symbol - something concrete that stands for something ab¬stract or invisible. The Cross is the symbol of Christianity. The dove symbolizes peace /is symbolic of peace. SOUND
Alliteration: the repetition of a consonant sound at the beginning of neighbouring words. Oh dear daddy of death dance ...
Words alliterate (with each other)/form an alliteration.
Assonance: the repetition of vowel sounds within stressed syllables of neighbouring words. fertile - birth
Con¬so¬nance: the repetition of consonant sounds especially at the end of neighbouring words. strength - earth - birth
Metre: a regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables within a line of a poem. Iambic metre: an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one (– '–): The way a crow / Shook down on me / The dust of snow / From a hemlock tree (Frost) Trochaic metre: a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed...
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