1.1 Background of the Study
Firstly, recycling is not a new concept to us, people has been doing it for thousands of years. Recycling is different from ‘re-use’ in the sense that re-use means using old products repeatedly. Recycling is the process of producing a new product from a recyclable material. Undeniably, recycling has always been a matter of helping the environment and for economic reasons.
According to http://www.nural.com.my, in Malaysia, we produce 19,000 tons of garbage every day, and a greater part of that ends up in landfills. Our country currently has 230 landfill sights and 80% of them will reach capacity in the two years later, and with land for landfill sites being at a premium there is shortly going to be a big crisis right on our doorsteps. Since this problem will bring threat to our environment, we have to try to lessen the amount of trash produced by some effective ways.
The Malaysian Perspective (2007) stated that approximately 26 million people in the country produce 26 million kilos of solid waste every single day if an average per person generation of solid waste is 1kg per day. As the waste management issue is getting more important in our country, it seems that university students are lack of awareness on recycling. If we ask a random individual on campus on what they think about recycling, 90% of them will tell you “It is good for the environment.” However, they don’t understand the importance of recycling. Even though the concept of recycling and reusing is preached in the campus, students are still not interested in any recycling campaign.
This study focuses on the problem of lack of awareness on recycling among students from several public and private universities. We examine why students do not recycle and explore the students’ perceptions on recycling, seeking to identify the effects of not recycling. We also attempt to recommend methods on how to encourage students to recycle.
1.2 Statement of...