Udaipur is known as the Venice of the east. It is also called the city of lakes. The Lake Palace on Jag Niwas Island in the middle of Pichola Lakes is the finest example of its architectural and cultural explosion.
The grand City Palace on the banks of the lake compliments the palace along with the Monsoon Palace (Sajjan Garh) on the hill above. Udaipur is also the centre for performing arts, craft and its famed miniature paintings.The Shilp Gram festival is a center of attraction during the season.
Maharana Udai Singh II founded Udaipur in 1568 after his citadel Chittorgarh was sacked by Mughal Emperor Akbar. The legends says that Udai Singh was guided by a holy man meditating on the hill near Pichola Lake to establish his capital on this very spot.
Surrounded by Aravali Ranges, forests and lakes this place was less vulnerable than Chittorgarh. Maharana Udai Singh died in 1572 and was succeeded by Maharana Pratap who valiantly defended Udaipur from subsequent Mughal attacks.
Maharana Pratap is the most revered Rajput icon and gallantly fought the Mughal at the Haldighati in 1576. Mewar continuously defied foreign invaders and has a history of bloody battles until the British intervention in the nineteenth when a treaty was signed to protect Udaipur. Upon independence Udaipur merged in the union of India.
Udaipur, popularly called the 'city of Lakes' and the' Venice of the east 'is located in Southern Rajasthan, close to Gujarat. The city spread over 37 square kilometers is located between 24°35'North and 73°41' East and has a average elevation of 598 meters. The temperature in Udaipur ranges from 38° C to 28.8°C in summer and from 28.3° C to 11.6°C in winter. The Ahar River, a tributary of the Berach River flows in the north east of the city. Area of Udaipur is 12675.82 Sq. Km. It is 7th largest district in Rajasthan and 32th largest in India in terms of total area. Note: Kutch district(45441 sq.km) of Gujarat is the largest and Mahe district(9 sq km) of Puducherry is the smallest district in India.
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDICES Udaipur
| HDR1999| HD Update 2008|
Human Development index (HDI) | 0.503 | 0.595| Rank in Rajasthan: HDI| 27| 20|
POPULATION | 1991| 2001|
Total population | 2066580| 2633312| Rural population (%)| 80.80 | 81.38| Urban population (%) | 19.20 | 18.62| Male population (%) | 50.88 | 50.73| Female population (%) | 49.12| 49.27| % Population of scheduled caste | 6.60| 6.61| % Population of scheduled tribe | 46.30| 47.86| Density (per sq.Km) | 154| 196| Decadal growth rate (1991‐2001)| 24.47| 27.42|
EDUCATION| 1991| 2001|
Literacy rate all (%)| 34.90| 58.62|
Literacy rate (M) | 48.70| 73.62|
Literacy rate (F) | 20.40| 43.26|
Literacy rate (Rural) (M)| 39.00| 68.64|
Literacy rate (Urban) (M)| 86.20| 92.64|
Literacy rate (Rural) (F)| 10.10| 35.14|
Literacy rate (Urban) (F)| 64.40| 77.33|
WOMEN AND CHILD| 1991| 2001|
Total fertility rate (2002‐04)| 4.62| 2.78**|
Gender ratio: All| 956| 971|
Urban| 891| 904|
Rural| 982| 987|
Udaipur District Population
Years | Male | Female | Total population |
2001| 1259170| 1221487| 2480657|
2011| 1566781| 1500768| 3067550|