STUDY OF PRIVATE VS PUBLIC TRANSPORT FACILITY USAGE WITH REFERENCE TO PUNE CITY

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 Abstract:
The rapid growth of India’s urban population has put enormous strains on all transport systems. Burgeoning travel demand far exceeds the limited supply of transport infrastructure and services. Public transport, in particular, has been completely overwhelmed. Most bus and train services are overcrowded, undependable, slow, inconvenient, uncoordinated and dangerous. Moreover, the public ownership and operation of most public transport services has greatly reduced productivity and inflated costs. India’s cities desperately need improved and expanded public transport service. Unfortunately, less government financial assistance and the complete lack of any supportive policies, such as traffic priority for buses, place public transport in an almost impossible situation. That’s why people preferring private transport facility over pubic for their convenience and safety purposes.

Introduction
Urbanization has been one of the dominant contemporary processes as a growing share of the global population lives in cities. Urban transport mainly consists of those modes and means of transportation forming part of the city circulation system as well as those which provide the city with external links, forming an integral part of the entire system of urban circulation. Urban transportation issues are of foremost importance to support the passengers and freight mobility requirements of large urban cities. Urban transportation is an important dimension of cities notably in high density areas. Development of cheap and efficient means of urban transport is necessary to for the progress of large cities in developing country like India. Need for better urban transport systems in general and the need for a healthier environment has led to an increased level of research around the world. Urban transport in Indian cities is heterogeneous, reflecting the heterogeneity in the socio-economic and land use patterns. It is dominated by walking trips, non-motorized modes such as bicycles and rickshaws, and depending on the size of the city, motorized Para-transit and public transport. Generally, in all cities, two wheelers have been growing at a rate of 15-20% per year. Cars have been growing at a rate of 10-15% per year. Characteristics of urban transport in Indian cities changes with the city size. Share of motorized trip increase with city size low cost modes which include Public transport, non-motorized rickshaws and continue to play an important role. Nearly 12.5 lakh people travel by public transport in Pune everyday.

Need of the Topic:
Efficiency of cities and well-being of urban inhabitants are directly influenced by Transport facility or the lack of it. The increasing rate of urbanization and city size already put the transport system under great stress. The urban population in India has increased significantly and is estimated to be around 540 million by the year 2021. Consequently, the number of metropolitan cities with a population exceeding one million has increased from 5 in 1951 to 23 in 2011. This is expected to increase to 51 by the year 2021. These changes have exacerbated the demand for transport – a demand that many Indian cities have not been able to meet. The main reason for this is the prevailing imbalance in modal split besides inadequate transport infrastructure and its sub-optimal use. Given the current urban transport scenario in India, transport policy should aim at improving the economic efficiency of cities and well-being of urban inhabitants. Adequate transport policy should assist in alleviating endemic traffic congestion which causes significant disruption to business and commercial activities. Furthermore, policy should aim at reducing social costs of accidents and pollution. Study Area:

Pune city lies between 18° 25’ to 18° 37’ N latitude and 73° 44’ to 73° 57’ E longitude (Fig 1.1). Pune is one of the outstanding cities of India situated at an altitude of 570 m on the Sahyadri hills in Western...
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