Study of Impact of Facilities on Academic Achievement

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Réseau Ouest et Centre A fricain de Recherche en Education Educational Research Network for West A nd Central A frica

AN EVALUATION OF THE IMPACT OF INTERNET BROWSING ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AT THE TERTIARY LEVEL OF EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

O. Osunade (Principal Researcher) Department of Computer Science University of Ibadan Ibadan, Nigeria

Research financed by the Educational Research network for West and Central Africa (ERNWACA) www.ernwaca.org with support from the International Development Research Center (IDRC) in Canada and the Academy for Educational Development (AED) in USA And USAID - Washington

February 2003

ROCARE / ERNWACA • Tel: (223) 221 16 12 / 674 83 84, Fax: (223) 221 21 15 • BP E 1854, Bamako, MALI • info@rocare.org Bénin • Burkina Faso • Cameroun • Côte d’Ivoire • Gambia •Ghana • Guinée• Mali • Nigeria • Sénégal • Sierra Leon • Togo www.rocare.org

Summary (max 3 pages)
The research work evaluated the Internet as a knowledge acquisition tool and its impact on academic performance of students selected from five science-based courses (Mathematics, Physics, Computer Science, Civil and Mechanical Engineering). The study used two tertiary institutions in Oyo State, Nigeria. The summary of the results obtained are: 1. There is a significant difference in the results of students with Internet access and those without Internet access. 2. There was a significant improvement in the posttest scores of the test group. 3. There were more male participants than female participants. 4. Students use the Internet an average of two / three days per week. 5. The male participants prefer night browsing, while the female participants prefer the daytime. 6. Most of the participants started using the Internet in year 2001. 7. The male participants were generally older than the female. 8. Electronic mail (email) is the most popular use of the Internet among students. 9. Almost all students have used the Internet before. 10. About 60% of students are in the 21-25 age bracket.

Acknowledgement
Our special thanks to the project advisor, Professor Joseph O. Odeyemi, for his interest in the research work and support in getting cooperation from the universities involved. We are grateful to Dr Dayo Odukoya for his dedication to the survival of the ERNWACA Nigeria group and his unqualified advice and support towards the production of a useful and viable research report. The Lord will bless the work of your hand and your family. The contribution of the Registrars’ and Head of Departments at the University of Ibadan, Ibadan and Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso is hereby acknowledged. We thank you for giving us access to the students. Thanks also go to the data entry operators, Tolu and Posi, who had to work twice because of a change in methodology. Thanks to the Department of Computer Science for their contribution in kind to the study. To every student who participated in the study we are grateful.

Table of Content
Summary of Findings.................................................................................................................................. 03 Acknowledgement ..................................................................................................................................... 03 Content ................................................................................................................................................. 04

Introduction............................................................................................................................................... 05 Literature Review....................................................................................................................................... 07 Statement of Problem................................................................................................................................. 10 Significance of...
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