Study Guide: Introduction to the Bible

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Unit 1: Israel: Becoming God’s Chosen | 032:013:EXZ

STUDY GUIDE: EXAM 1

Exam #1 follows the completion of Lessons 1-4, which includes submitting Quizzes 1- 4 and watching the video “Who Wrote the Bible.” This study guide is intended to provide a framework to review the topics covered in Unit 1. Keep the following tips in mind as you prepare for Exam 1:

Roughly the first half of the exam will be made up of matching, multiple choice, and fill-in- the-blank questions. These questions will be taken from the “Terms” section of this guide.

The second half of the exam will be made up of Identification and Short Answer sections. These questions will mostly be taken from the “Questions” section of this study guide. It is important to remember when preparing for this part of the exam that you are not writing essays. You need to know enough about each question to write a paragraph in which you answer the question and cite some specific examples.

Questions from Quizzes:
• Quiz 1
o The extra books in the Catholic and Greek Orthodox versions of the Old Testament that are not in the Protestant version are known as (NOT Septuagint) Deuterocanonical o What event seems to begin Jews setting limits on the texts included in the Hebrew Bible (NOT Maccabean Revolution) • Quiz 2

o Egyptian contributions to Israelite culture include all the following except ▪ Monotheism (RIGHT)
▪ Creating sacred sanctuaries that only priests and the king could enter ▪ Circumcision
▪ WRONG: idea of divine righteousness
• Egyptian concept of "Maat" helped shape ancient israel's view of divine righteousness. It goes on to state other parallels such as hiding the statues of the gods and circumcision as known direct influence. o Sumerian contributions to subsequent cultures include all the following except: ONLY ONES TO BUILD PYRAMIDS o Which of the following biblical stories is perhaps a reference to a ziggurat: Tower of Babel o Utnapishtim and Noah share all of the following traits in common except: Granted Immortality o Ecclesiastes shares which belief in common with Mesopotamia about god's prerogatives? Emphasis on Human Mortality o Similarities between Israel and Babylon law codes share all the following except: offering equal protection to people regardless of their class o What term taken from the group Philistines is given to the Promised Land: Palestine o Which of the following is a major theme of the Bible's historical narrative: Israel’s struggle to occupy and maintain possession of the land o Which nation conquers the Northern Kingdom of Israel in 722 BCE: Assyria o Who is credited as beginning the spread of Greek culture known as Hellenism: Alexander the Great • Quiz 4

o In the Numbers version of the story, God punishes Moses because he gets water from a rock by doing what (NOT: Speaks to it)

TERMS:

• 12 Tribes of Israel: Traditionally believed to have descended from the twelve sons of Jacob (Israel), • Aaron: The older brother of Moses and first head of Israelite priesthood. Served as Moses spokesman. Moses anointed him and his four sons as founders of Israel’s hereditary priesthood and had them administer the Tabernacle. He led the worship of the golden calf. • Abel: The second son of Adam and Eve, murdered by Cain. In Hebrew, name means “breath” or “vanity.” Yahweh accepted his animal sacrifice but rejected Cain’s offering. • Abraham: Founder of Hebrew nation

• Adam: Not rendered a proper name until the Septuagint version (250BCE). • Akhanaten: Egyptian pharaoh who radically altered the state religion, introducing a henotheistic cult of the solar deity Aten and outraging the conservative priests of the Theban...
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