Studies on Forgiveness

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Intervention Studies on Forgiveness: A Meta-Analysis

Summary
Thomas W. Baskin & Robert D. Enright talked about numerous studies that were completed on the effectiveness of forgiveness. Baskin & Robert's intent of this article was to evaluate the outcomes of each study that was completed. According to both Baskin & Robert if forgiveness was a part of counseling it would be defined as a person letting go grudges against the enemy (Baskin & Enright, 2004). “Forgiveness is an act freely chosen by the forgiver” (Baskin & Enright, 2004).

Baskin & Enright evaluated case studies the early 1970's, which suggested that people, who are dealing with disturbing pain, could attain closure with forgiveness. Next they talk about the three inventions models, which involve a study of various units in each model. In each model the participants were told to think about the person who has hurt them the most; and to work on the act of forgiveness toward that particular person.

They then go on to discuss a literature review on nine empirical studies which measured forgiveness. Each study was then categorized into three groups; those that were decision based, process based that had a group format and process based that had an individual format. The method consisted of establishing studies which were the nine empirical studies, which were founded to be all fit according to Baskin & Enright. To be sure the studies were accurate a test for homogeneity was done. In order to do a test there had to be a variable in the studies conducted the dependent variable was forgiveness. The article continued discussing the methods and results which one came to concluded that “forgiveness can be affected by counseling” (Baskin & Enright, 2004).

Interaction
I believe people should be given second chances, but my weakness is letting go of a situation and moving forward. The word forgiveness itself caught my attention in several articles that was given. I...
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