Students Role in Education

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As Peter Worsely says, “A large part of our social and technical skills are acquired through deliberate instruction which we call education. It is the main working activity of children from the ages of five to fifteen and often beyond...” A large part of the budget of many developed and developing countries is set apart for education. Education employs a large army of people. Sociologists are becoming more and more aware of the importance and role of educational institutions in the modern industrialised societies. In recent years education has become the major interest of some I sociologists. As a result a new branch of sociology called sociology of education has become established. Durkheim conceives of education as “the socialization of the younger generation.” He further states that it is “a continuous effort to impose on the child ways of seeing, feeling and acting which he could not have arrived at spontaneously.” Summer defined education as “the attempt to transmit the child the modes of the group. So that he can learn what conduct is approved and what disapproved how he ought to behave in all kinds of cases: What he ought to believe and reject.” F.J. Brown and J.S. Roucek say that education is “the sum total of the experience which moulds the attitudes and determines the conduct of both the child and the adult.” James Welton in Encyclopaedia Britannica (11th Edition) writes that education consist in an attempt on the part of the adult members of human society to shape the development of the coming generation with its own ideals of life. A.W.Green, “Historically it has meant the conscious training of the young for the later adoption of adult roles. By modern convention, however, education has come to mean formal training by specialists within the formal organisation of the school. Samuel Koening says “Education may also be defined as the process whereby the social heritage of the group is passed on from one generation to another as well as the process...
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