Economic & financial
In spite of the decreasing employment rate during the 1990’s decade in Taiwan, tourism has had a deep influence to improve this rate. The overall number of full-time jobs created by the tourism industry in 1996 was 221,974, with the largest amount of jobs produced by the food and beverage, land transportation, hotel and retail industries. In 2002, the total employment in hotels was 21,140 people.
It is equally important as the impact that tourism may have over employment, is the impact it has over Taiwan’s economy. This is also stated by the TSA, that proves that Taiwan's total tourism receipts amounted to NT$321.53 billion (including spending of NT$180.62 billion by foreign tourists in Taiwan, NT$166.05 billion by local residents travelling within Taiwan, and NT$46.96 billion in domestic spending by local citizens travelling abroad). This accounted for 4.2% of that year's GDP.
Meanwhile, tourism has more negative cultural impacts than positive. This is defined by Wolf (1977:3), as the effects on the people of host communities of their direct and indirect associations with tourists. “Socio-cultural impacts of tourism may refer to the changes in the quality of life of residents of tourism destinations” (Alister and Wall, 1992).
When tourism begins developing in a certain destination, the people of the host community gets really enthusiastic about it because they recognize de economical benefit they may get. But, when tourism exceeds the threshold of tolerance of tourists by hosts, this enthusiasm turns into xenophobia, which is the overtly expressed resentment of and contempt for tourists and their behavior. “I think it's important, but at the same time I have images in my head of hoards of tourists filling all the quiet places I'd rather keep to myself and to all of us "brave" enough to live here”. This is an example of a local person from Taiwan, who does not like having... [continues]
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