Justin K. Forrester
Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University
The primary reading section that I have chosen was in at the end of charpter one and was depicting the work of Marth Nussbaum is is a very abided that she suggest thast novels are supremely well suited to explore moral problems. And through novels we have the chance to live more than our own lives and to understand human problems from someone elses point of view. Since others can read the same novels, we can share much knowledge and reach a mutual understyanding. This book is a collection of fourteen essays Martha Nussbaum, a professor of Classics and philosophy at Cornell University, has written on philosophy and literature. These essays consist of commentaries on Henry James, Marcel Proust, Samuel Beckett, Friedrich Nietzsche and Charles Dickens. They also include discussions of the place of feelings in morality and comparisons of the moral theories of Plato and Aristotle. The author has added to the collection an introduction which acquaints the reader with her main thesis and arguments. Nussbaum’s primary concern, which unites these apparently heterogeneous articles, is to show that moral life is too complex and tragic to be forced into ready-made principles and theories. As a result, she calls for a mode of moral thinking that is more attentive to the nuances and the ambiguities of moral situations, more sensitive to the feelings of the persons involved, more imaginative, and less theoretical. The targets of her critique are philosophers who reduce moral perplexities to purely intellectual questions. She includes Plato, Kant, the Utilitarians such as John Stuart Mill, and most contemporary philosophers. Nussbaum attributes the confidence of these philosophers in the power of reason to solve ethical problems to their oversimplification of the moral life and their distorted image of the ‘moral agent’ (one who performs a moral action). First, they reduce values that are basically...
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