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Eating Habits of University Students in Malaysia

SCHOOL OF HOSPITALITY, TOURISM AND CULINARY ARTS

BACHELOR OF INTERNATIONAL HOSPITALITY MANAGEMENT

EL6013: Academic English

Eating Habits of University Students in Malaysia

Chiang Kai Ling
1001JH88594

Oon Yee Chia
1001JH88764

Yu Yang (Constance)
0304472

Lecturer: Ms. Hema Letchamanan Date: 10 December 2012 TABLE OF CONTENTS

ABSTRACT4

INTRODUCTION4

CHAPTER 1: Literature Review5 - 8
1.1 Eating Habits5
1.2 Eating Trends6
1.3.1 Eating out6
1.3.2 Supplements6
1.3.3 Meat Reduction7
1.3 Effect of Eating Habits7
1.4.4 Physical Health7
1.4.5 Body Image8

CHAPTER 2: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY9 - 10
2.1 Research Questions9
2.2 Participants9
2.3 Instruments9
2.4 Methods10

CHAPTER 3: DATA ANALYSIS AND RESULTS10 - 23

CHAPTER 4: DISCUSSION24 - 25
4.1 Discussion24
4.2 Limitations25
4.3 Recommendations25

CONCLUSION26

REFERENCES27 - 31

APPENDIX32 - 34

ABSTRACT
Nowadays, health has become a very popular topic among people around the world. This project involves discovering the eating habits among university students in Malaysia. The goal is to find out whether university students in Malaysia have healthy eating habits. Using online survey form, this research will give results on a sample of university students in Malaysia and their eating pattern. Based on the result, 43% of university students in Malaysia eat out more than 15 times in a week. Most of them eat fast food and snacks 1-3 times in a week and 63% of them intended to lose weight. Generally, university students in Malaysia do not have a healthy eating habit in term of number of eating out per week, fast food consumption in a week and meal skipped.

INTRODUCTION
Eating habits affect many aspects of health and diseases (Ridgwell,1996, p.7). So, it is important to have regular habit of taking food include water. (Basavanthappa, 2003, p.268). Over eating is a bad eating habit (Basavanthappa, 2003, p. 269) and it was shown that University students in many countries were said to have an unfavorable eating habit (Angeliki et al, 2007, Yahia et al, 2008). This research studied the way of Malaysia university students eating behavior in terms of what types of food they consumed and the perception towards their eating habits. It is also aimed to find out how gender can affect eating habits among university students in Malaysia. The problem statement of this research is to find out whether university students in Malaysia have healthy eating habits as many researches showed that university students had bad eating habits. Thus, research question have been developed to find out that does current eating trends affect eating habits of university students in Malaysia. Quantitative methods was used in this research. This study was done using online survey. Sample sizes of 30 students which included equally number of male and female from different university in Malaysia participated in this study. Questionnaires included close-ended question which were distributed using social media. Data collected were organized and analyzed using online survey tool. The literature of eating habits, trend of eating and the effect of eating habits were reviewed in order to have a better understanding in this study. The outcome of this study explained that university students in Malaysia did not have a healthy eating habit especially in eating out frequency, fast food intake and meal skipped. Result also shows that female students have a healthier eating habits compared to male students. This research paper also presents the current limitation and recommendation...
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