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AN OVERVIEW OF CHONGQING MUNICIPALITY

By Lt. EK Napeera (Uganda)

Introduction
Chongqing Municipality is one of the five National central cities in the People’s Republic of China. The municipality is abbreviated by the acronym “YU” that was derived from the old name of a part of the Jialing River that runs through Chongqing and feeds into the Yangtze River. It covers an average area of 82,401 km2 (31,815 sq mi). Chongqing is also referred as the city of mountains and bridges due to the mountains and rivers spread all over the Municipality. As of November 2010, the municipality had a population of 28,846,200 representing a population density of 350/km2 (910/sq mi). However, it is estimated that only 6 or 7 million people out of the total population live in the urban area. The major language spoken is the Southwestern Mandarin whereas Buddhism is the major religion practiced in Chongqing. It is located on the upper reaches of the Yangtze River in Southwestern China on co-ordinates 29°33′30″N 106°34′00″E /  / 29.55833; 106.5666667. It lies on an average altitude of 237 m (778 ft) with annual average temperature of 18.2 °C (64.8 °F). However this varies with the different seasons experienced in Chongqing.

Administration
Chongqing lies in the China Standard (UTC+8) time zone and its postal code is 4000 00 - 4099 00; whereas the area code(s) is 23. The Municipality was created on 14 March 1997, succeeding the sub-provincial city administration that was part of Sichuan province. Chongqing is the largest direct-controlled municipality, and it comprises 19 districts, 15 counties, and 4 autonomous counties. The districts here in referred to include; Banan, Beibei, Changshou, Dadukou, Fuling, Henchuan, Jiangbei, Jiangjin, Jiulongpo, Nan’an, Nanchuan, Qianjiang, Shapingba, Dazu, Qijiang, Wanzhou, Yubei, Yongchuan and Yuzhong. The counties include; Bishan, Chengkou, Dianjiang, Fengdu, Fengjie, Kai, Liangping, Rongchang, Tongliang, Tongnan, Wulong,...
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