School of Liberal Arts University Writing Center Cavanaugh Hall 427 University Library 2125 (317)274-2049 (317)278-8171 www.iupui.edu/~uwc “Because writers need readers”
Structuring an APA Style Research Paper
The American Psychological Association (APA) offers a set of guidelines about how to cite sources in text and how to organize papers. This handout summarizes the recommendations the APA makes about how to organize research papers. If you are asked to organize a paper in APA style, you should check with your instructor about how closely he or she would like you to follow this format. If you also need to document sources in the text of your paper using APA format, please see the writing center’s handout, “APA Documentation.” Abstract (75-120 words) What it is: • A brief comprehensive summary of the paper which allows the reader to survey the contents of the paper quickly. The abstract will be: • Accurate: correctly reflect the purpose and content of the manuscript • Self-contained: stand on its own to reflect the contents of the paper. o Make sure to define all abbreviations, acronyms, and unique terms; spell out names of tests and drugs; include names of authors and dates of publication etc. • Concise and Specific: make sentences as informative and as brief as possible. • Non-evaluative: report information objectively. Introduction • Introduce the problem: present the specific problem under study and describe the research strategy. • Develop the background: discuss previous research completed on the subject but in most cases do not give a complete presentation of it. Assume that the audience already has some general knowledge of the field of study. • State the purpose and rationale: state the hypothesis and explain the purpose and rationale behind the hypothesis.
Describe the research and include all details on how the study was conducted. Identify subsections: participants, measures and procedure. Each section should be labeled...
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