1.decision management, commonly abbreviated "EDM", entails all aspects of managing automated decision design and deployment that an organization uses to manage its interactions with customers, employees and suppliers. Computerization has changed the way organizations are approaching their decision-making because it has enabled "information-based decisions" - decisions based on analysis of historical behavioral data, prior decisions, and their outcomes. Enterprise decision management is described as an "emerging important discipline, due to an increasing need to automate high-volume decisions across the enterprise and to impart precision, consistency, and agility in the decision-making process." EDM is implemented "via the use of rule-based systems and analytic models for enabling high-volume, automated decision making." 11 a) Information requirements are different at all levels of the organization. As information flows from bottom to top, it becomes more and more focused as a result of capsulization and concretization. In contrast, information becomes increasingly diffuse as it flows from top to bottom. Since the information system is specific to an organization, organizational structure and behaviour have to be explicitly considered in designing an MIS
Mis as a pyramid
MIS design should be specific to an organization, respecting its age, structure, and operations.
Six strategies for determining MIS design : -
• Organization-chart approach Using this approach, the MIS is designed based on the traditional functional areas, such as finance, administration, production, R&D and extension. These functional areas define current organizational boundaries and structure. • Integrate-later approach Largely a laissez faire approach, it does not conform to any specified formats as part of an overall design. There is no notion of how the MIS will evolve in the organization. Such an MIS becomes difficult to integrate. In today's environment - where...