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Structure and Development of Curriculum

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Structure and Development of Curriculum

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  • March 2011
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Structure and Development of Curriculum.

‘Australia’s future depends upon each citizen having the necessary knowledge, understanding, skills and values for a productive and rewarding life in an educated, just and open society’ (Brady & Kennedy 2007) these skills, values and knowledge are gained throughout the early years of individual’s lives as they attend schools. The Australian Government ensures that all schools develop students in the appropriate manner by deriving a national curriculum by which all schools must follow. The national curriculum is constructed by The Australian curriculum, assessment and reporting authority (ACARA).

How is the curriculum organized?
There are four stages in the development of the Australian curriculum. The first stage requires the development of a rough or draft ‘Shape’ of the Australian Curriculum. The second stage develops a written document out lining the curriculum, including a content description and achievement standards for years K-12. This is done by a team of writers with supervision and guidance from expert advisory panels and ACARA curriculum staff. The third stage is the implementation planning stage. The curriculum is received by schools and teachers so they can plan to implement the curriculum in their classroom. Individual States and Territories can then plan to implement the curriculum according to their individual needs with support and guidance from ACARA. The fourth and final stage of developing the Australian curriculum involves reviewing the feedback given from the implementation stage. The curriculum is now closely monitored and improved. The Australian curriculum is developed into three phases. The first phase of the curriculum consists of English, maths, science and history. A second phase involves the development of languages, geography and the arts. As for the third phase, it has been decided by Australian education ministers that it will focus on health and physical education, information...

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