Structure and Components of the Criminal Justice System

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Definition of Crime
According to the dictionary, crime is “an action or an instance of negligence that is deemed injurious to the public welfare or morals or to the interests of the state and that is legally prohibited” (Lexico publishing, 2012). It is considered to be a crime when an unlawful act as being committed that society agreed upon punishment for this act that has been committed. Society agreed upon crimes could range from littering, jaywalking, motor vehicle violations, white-collar crimes, or even the more violent crimes. The crime control model is one of the most common models to show how society determines which acts are considered criminal. The crime control model basically stresses the efficiency of arrest and conviction of criminal offenders. In the late 1960s a law professor by the name Herbert Packer introduced the crime control model to the academic community at Stanford University within his state of criminal justice presentation. The control model is often referred to as the Packer's crime control model. The due process model is another common use model to show how society determines which acts are considered criminal. The due process model basically shows the individual rights at all stages of the justice system processing. The due process model helps to ensure that innocent people are not convicted of crimes that they did not commit. In America this is one of the essential parts of the justice system.

Government Structure of the Criminal Justice System

There are many different agencies that the criminal justice system works with such as: federal, state, and local governments. With the criminal justice system working with so many agencies many times creates problems determining whose jurisdiction the crime was committed in. All the agencies that are involved in the criminal justice system are by law required to work together to ensure that the criminal justice system is working properly.

Choice Theories

Choice theories are also...
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