Introduction to Sociology, Section: LO2
March 18, 2010
Abstract A summary of how structural-functional approach takes a look at society. How sociologists use the structural-function approach to analyze social issues. The summary also consists of an example of how structural-functional approach is used to predict an event and future events.
The Structural - Functional Paradigm looks at society as a stable and orderly system in which the members share a common set of values, beliefs and behavioral expectations. Society is then a set of interrelated parts, each of which serves a function, and contributes to the overall stability of a society. A society has a series of structures that all operate together to form a stable society. Stratification is a normal part of the system, since different positions carry different degrees of difficulty and require increasingly more qualified individuals to fill those positions. Structural-functional approach is a framework for building the theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability. This approach focuses on the importance of social structure – a relatively stable pattern of social behavior. Social structures give our lives shape in families, the work place, or the college classroom (Macionis, 2009).Other examples of social structures are health, media, recreation, sports, religion, socialization and deviance. This approach also focuses on any consequences for the operation of society as a whole. Social functions have three components: * Manifest Functions – the recognized and intended consequences of any social pattern. * Latent Functions – the unrecognized and unintended consequences of any social pattern. * Dysfunctions – social pattern’s undesirable consequences for the operation of society. When sociologists use the...