Structural Analysis

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Structural Engineer’s Pocket Book

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Structural Engineer’s Pocket Book
Fiona Cobb

AMSTERDAM BOSTON HEIDELBERG LONDON NEW YORK OXFORD PARIS SAN DIEGO SAN FRANCISCO SINGAPORE SYDNEY TOKYO

Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann Linacre House, Jordan Hill, Oxford OX2 8DP 200 Wheeler Rd, Burlington, MA 01803 First published 2004 Copyright ª 2004, Fiona Cobb. All rights reserved The right of Fiona Cobb to be identified as the author of this work has been asserted in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 No part of this publication may be reproduced in any material form (including photocopying or storing in any medium by electronic means and whether or not transiently or incidentally to some other use of this publication) without the written permission of the copyright holder except in accordance with the provisions of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 or under the terms of a licence issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency Ltd, 90 Tottenham Court Road, London, England W1T 4LP. Applications for the copyright holder’s written permission to reproduce any part of this publication should be addressed to the publisher Permissions may be sought directly from Elsevier’s Science and Technology Rights Department in Oxford, UK: phone: (þ44) (0) 1865 843830; fax: (þ44) (0) 1865 853333; e-mail: permissions@elsevier.co.uk. You may also complete your request on-line via the Elsevier homepage (http://www.elsevier.com), by selecting ‘Customer Support’ and then ‘Obtaining Permissions’ British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library Library of Congress Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the Library of Congress ISBN 0 7506 5638 7

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Contents
Preface Acknowledgements 1 General Information Metric system Typical metric units for UK structural engineering Imperial units Conversion factors Measurement of angles Construction documentation and procurement Drawing conventions Common arrangement of work sections Summary of ACE conditions of engagement 2 Statutory Authorities and Permissions Planning Building regulations and standards Listed buildings Conservation areas and Tree preservation orders Archaeology and ancient monuments Party Wall etc. Act CDM 3 Design Data Design data checklist Structural form, stability and robustness Structural movement joints Fire resistance periods for structural elements Typical building tolerances Historical use of building materials Typical weights of building materials Minimum imposed floor loads Typical unit floor and roof loadings Wind loading Barrier and handrail loadings ix xi 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 11

13 14 17 18 19 21 24

25 26 29 30 31 32 34 38 41 43 44

vi

Contents

Selection of materials Selection of floor construction Transportation Temporary works toolkit 4 Basic and Shortcut Tools for Structural Analysis Load factors and limit states Geometric section properties Parallel axis theorem and Composite sections Material properties Coefficients of linear thermal expansion Coefficients of friction Sign conventions Beam bending theory Deflection limits Beam bending and deflection formulae Clapeyron’s equations of three moments Continuous beam bending formulae Struts Rigid frames under lateral loads Plates Torsion Taut wires, cables and chains Vibration 5 Geotechnics Geotechnics Selection of foundations and retaining walls Site investigation Soil classification Typical soil properties Preliminary sizing Trees and shallow foundations Contamined land 6 Timber and Plywood Timber Timber section sizes Laminated timber products Durability and fire resistance Preliminary sizing of timber...
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