Stroop Effect

Topics: Executive functions, Stroop effect, Working memory Pages: 2 (726 words) Published: July 24, 2011
Discussion
The aim of this experiment was to replicate the original experiment carried out by the Stroop effect theorists and gain the same results. The Stroop Effect has a very long and established history of research that most if not all produce congruent results. However, in this experiment the results say otherwise, but this does not mean that one is right and the other is wrong. Consider the factors that may have contributed to producing such results. Since the experiment had results that there is no significant relationship between the Stroop effect and reaction time there could be several factors that may have contributed this: (1) demographics, (2) age and (3) gender. The Stroop performance has been found to be related to demographic factors and the relationship between an advanced age and reduced performance has been consistently reported. (Houx et al., 1993; Graf et al., 1995; Ivnik et al., 1996; Klein et al., 1997; Golden & Freahwater, 2002; Moering et al., 2004; Lucas et al., 2005; Steinberg et al., 2005; Van der Elst., 2006) Moreover, although the effect is relatively small, educational level is also known to have a significant influence. (Houx et al., 1993; Ivnik et al., 1996; Klein et al., 1997; Golden & Freahwater, 2002; Moering et al., 2004; Lucas et al., 2005; Steinberg et al., 2005; Van der Elst., 2006) In addition, the influence of gender was found to be significant; women performed better than men. Moreover, there was an interaction between gender and education for the color page indicating women outperformed men with increasing educational attainement. The superior performance of women in verbally-based tests is consistent. (Lezak, 1995; McCurry et al., 2001; Lee et al., 2004) As Stroop (1935) suggested, this may be because women have greater facility in verbal reactions, and are more accustomed to responding to color stimuli than men.

It is now well documented that normal aging is accompanied by a general decline of cognitive...
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