Throughout history there are many examples of conflict
between employers and employees at the workplace. Even nowadays, the problem persists. In recent years, it is becoming a major dispute not only in the UK but in the whole world. The dispute arises because of the different demands by workers and employers. This leads to an “industrial action” such as strike activity-when workers, through their trade unions, withdraw their labour as a means of reinforcing their bargaining power vis-à-vis managers. David Farnham (2000:371) has suggested that collective industrial action or a “trade dispute” takes place whenever an employer and/or the trade union organisations with which it deals are unable to resolve their differences peacefully and constitutionally in determining, regulating or terminating the wage-work bargain. In law, a trade dispute means any dispute between ‘employers and workers, or between workers and workers, which is connected with one or more of the following matters’ (Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act (TULCRA) 1992,section 21). Employees can strike for a number of reasons, such as better payment, improved employment conditions, disagreement in certain law of the constitution of a country, better working hours etc. There are different forms of industrial actions with which the people who are bargaining with a company or an organisation can achieve their demands such as withdrawal of co-operation - the complete refusal to obey any contract rules - work-to-rule-work done on daily basis strictly based on contract of employment excluding any kind of flexibility, overtime ban; employees refuse to work no more hours than the agreed upon contract, go-slow-work at a lower output level. A crucial role of recent strike activities is the World’s financial crisis in 2007. It is considered to be the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression. It has affected country economies and stock markets all over the world. Many people lost their...
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