IDENTIFY AND EXPLAIN THE STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF THE BRITISH AND COLONISTS ON THE EVE OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR.
During the 1700s in the New World, the desire for independence and freedom emerged dramatically within the American colonies. As the tensions between Great Britain and the colonies reached their highpoint, the Colonists decided to revolt against Britain, triggering the start of the American Revolution. As the Colonists and the British prepared to engage in battle on the eve of the revolution, they both showed distinct strengths and weaknesses. The British seemed unbeatable. During the previous 100 years, the British had enjoyed triumph after triumph over nations as powerful as France and Spain. Britain had access to more money than colonists and therefore had more money to fund more troops. Their military was the best in the world. Their soldiers were well equipped, well disciplined, well paid, and well fed. The British navy dominated the seas. Funds were much more easily raised by the Empire than by the Continental Congress, and some of those funds were used to hire Hessian mercenaries to fight the Colonists. On the other hand, the Colonists had tremendous difficulty raising enough funds to purchase basic supplies for their troops, including shoes and blankets. The British had a winning tradition. Around one in five Colonists, called Tories, openly favored the Crown, with about half of the population hoping to avoid the conflict altogether. Most Indian tribes sided with Britain, who promised protection of tribal lands. At first glance, the odds were clearly against the Colonists, but they had many hidden advantages. On the other hand, the Colonists had many intangible advantages. The British fought a war far from home. Military orders, troops, and supplies sometimes took months to reach their destinations. The British had an extremely difficult objective, and their morale was low. They had no real reasons to continue fighting anymore, and they...
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