In literature, technique that records the multifarious thoughts and feelings of a character without regard to logical argument or narrative sequence. It is a narrative method where a writer describes the unspoken thoughts and feelings of their characters without resorting to objective description or conventional dialogue. The writer attempts by the stream of consciousness to reflect all the forces, external and internal, influencing the psychology of a character at a single moment.
The technique was first employed by Edouard Dujardin (1861-1949) in his novel Les Lanriers sont coupes (1888) and was subsequently used by such notable writers as James Joyce, Virginia Woolf, and William Faulkner. The phrase "stream of consciousness" to indicate the flow of inner experience was first used by William James in Principles of Psychology (1890). There he identified four basic characteristics of "stream of consciousness". Those are:
1.Every state tends to be the part of a personal consciousness which means a neutral single personal consciousness is not possible, because though every thought and idea is mutually independent, they are not separate. Each belongs to others somehow.
2.Within each personal consciousness, states are changing. It means none of the state of mind and thought remains the same while it is reminded repeatedly. Because our sensibility changes, brain becomes more modified with time-laps and ultimately the thought is suffused.
3.Each personal consciousness is sensibly continuous. That means if a consciousness is interrupted anyhow by a time laps or a violent interruption like the flash and sound of a sudden thunder fall around, though the state of the...