NIKE: Strategic Analysis
Nike’s Global Business Strategy
When first founded in 1962 under the name of Blue Ribbon Sports, the strategy was “to distribute low-cost, high-quality Japanese athletic shoes to American consumers in an attempt to break Germany’s domination of the domestic industry.” Today Nike offers athletic shoes at every marketable price point to a global market. Nike sustains its leading position through emphasizing quality products, constant innovation, and aggressive marketing. Nike sells its products in more than 180 countries under not only its namesake brand but brands such as Cole Haan, Converse, Hurley International, and Umbro Inc. It uses distribution channels such as company-owned stores and websites or sports retailers, such as Foot Locker. As mentioned earlier, Nike is a truly global company, which means that its success story is transferrable over borders. It divides its sales into four main regions- the US, Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA), Asia Pacific, and Central and South America. For 2009 each of these regions accounted respectively for 34.1%, 28.7%, 17.3%, and 6.7% of total revenue. Segmentation Strategy:
Nike realizes that in order to be number one they need to offer a wide range of products to be able to develop a culture and fulfill their loyal customers’ needs. Nike’s strategy in terms of segmentation is excellent. Their core product is footwear but they also manufacture apparel and equipment and thus, they spread their influence in other sport-related markets. Nike also has several sub-brands to grasp different consumer groups. Nike’s main source of revenue is athletic footwear, which is also its core competency. It accounts for 54% of total revenues. It is designated for running, cross-training, basketball, soccer and it includes even a casual footwear line. Sales in this segment increased by 14% in 2009 from which a big portion was a result of the increase in sales in the Asia Pacific region. The second most profitable segment for Nike is apparel, such as t-shirts, shorts, sweatpants, and licensed apparel made specifically for universities with their own logos. With an increase of only 0.2%, apparel sales accounted for 27% of the company’s revenue in 2009. However, sales in this segment grew by 14% in the previous period, between 2007 and 2008, due to the growth of 25% of revenues in emerging markets, such as Russia, and other EMEA countries but also a substantial revenue growth of 50% in China. Unlike footwear, which main market is the US, the majority of apparel sales come from the EMEA region accounting for 38% of total apparel revenue.
Equipment, such as balls, golf clubs etc. accounts for 6% of total revenues in 2009 and 13% come from other brands under Nike, such as Cole Haan, Converse, Umbro etc. these different sub-brands supplement Nike product lines. For instance, Umbro specializes in selling soccer apparel and footwear. Nike Golf targets golf players and offers specialized golf equipment, apparel and footwear. Cole Haan on the other hand offers premium dress and casual footwear. Hurley International offers products suitable for snowboarding, skating, and surfing. Marketing Strategy:
Significant role for the competition of market share in the footwear industry plays marketing in order to strengthen the brand image, develop product identity and expand customer loyalty. Competition between players is non-price but rather based on differentiation in brand image and product innovations. Therefore, substantial investments in marketing campaigns are required. Nike invests annually between 11% and 13% of revenue in marketing. Advertising strategy: Nike’s strategy was to create dominant presence in media. Nike created media presence in several trend setting United States cities. TV ads linking Nike to a city were used, but real drivers were huge oversized...