Comparative Analysis of Indian Stock Market with International Markets Debjiban Mukherjee T. A. Pai Management Institute, Manipal, India
Abstract The stock market is witnessing heightened activities and is increasingly gaining importance. In the current context of globalization and the subsequent integration of the global markets this paper captures the trends, similarities and patterns in the activities and movements of the Indian Stock Market in comparison to its international counterparts. This study covers New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), Hong Kong Stock exchange (HSE), Tokyo Stock exchange (TSE), Russian Stock exchange (RSE), Korean Stock exchange (KSE) from various sociopolitico-economic backgrounds. Both the Bombay Stock exchange (BSE) and the National Stock Exchange of Indian Limited (NSE) have been used in the study as a part of Indian Stock Market. The time period has been divided into various eras to test the correlation between the various exchanges to prove that the Indian markets have become more integrated with its global counterparts and its reaction are in tandem with that are seen globally.
Keywords: Stock Market, Comparative Analysis, Statistical analysis, Efficiency Test. 39 ©Great Lakes Herald – April 2007 Volume 1, Issue 1 by Great Lakes Institute of Management, Chennai
1. Introduction The Indian stock exchanges hold a place of prominence not only in Asia but also at the global stage. The Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) is one of the oldest exchanges across the world, while the National Stock Exchange (NSE) is among the best in terms of sophistication and advancement of technology. The Indian stock market scene really picked up after the opening up of the economy in the early nineties. The whole of nineties were used to experiment and fine tune an efficient and effective system. The ‘badla’ system was stopped to control unnecessary volatility while the derivatives segment started as late as 2000. The corporate governance rules were gradually put in place which initiated the process of bringing the listed companies at a uniform level. On the global scale, the economic environment started taking paradigm shift with the ‘dot com bubble burst’, 9/11, and soaring oil prices. The slowdown in the US economy and interest rate tightening made the equation more complex. However after 2000 riding on a robust growth and a maturing economy and relaxed regulations, outside investors- institutional and others got more scope to operate. This opening up of the system led to increased integration with heightened cross-border flow of capital, with India emerging as an investment ‘hot spot’ resulting in our stock exchanges being impacted by global cues like never before. The study pertains to comparative analysis of the Indian Stock Market with respect to various international counterparts. Exchanges are now crossing national boundaries to extend their service areas and this has led to cross-border integration. Also, exchanges have begun to offer cross-border trading to facilitate overseas investment options for investors. This not only increased the appeal of the exchange for investors but also attracts more volume. Exchanges regularly solicit companies outside their home territory and encourage them to list on their exchange and global competition has put pressure on corporations to seek capital outside their home country. The Indian stock market is the world third largest stock market on the basis of investor base and has a collective pool of about 20 million investors. There are over 9,000 companies listed on the stock exchanges of the country. The Bombay Stock Exchange, established in 1875, is the oldest in Asia. National Stock Exchange, a more recent establishment which came into existence in 1992, is the largest and most advanced stock market in India is also the third biggest stock exchange in Asia in terms of transactions. It is among the 5 biggest stock exchanges in the world in terms of transactions...
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