Steps to Writing a Grant Proposal

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Steps to Writing a Grant Proposal

April 29, 2012
Arin Norris

Steps to Writing a Grant Proposal
The steps to writing a grant proposal are best followed if we go section by section. The very first step is to make sure there is a grant available that applies to your organizations program. An organization would want to review any and all RFA’s (request for application). The RFA has all of the important information for the proposal application. The RFA contains all of the important dates and due dates, it also has the eligibility criteria needed for the applicants and what kind of program it is looking to fund. After a grant application is found, the writing of the grant proposal begins. A correct grant proposal contains eleven sections. All of these sections are important to the grant proposal because each section is telling the grantor about the program the applicant wishes to get the grant funds for. A grant proposal contains a(n): * Abstract

* Table of contents
* Specific aims/background and significance/needs and problem statement * Target population
* Approaches and methods
* Long-and shot-term goals
* Process, outcome, and impact objectives
* Activity plans and scheduling (timeline)
* Evaluation plan
* Agency capacity and project management, and
* Budget and budget justifications

The abstract will be a summary of the proposal. It is generally 45 single-spaced lines to one page in length. Although the abstract is the shortest section of grant proposal it is the most important. Many times this is the only part of the grant proposal that the grantor will read. The abstract must include: * Name of agency

* Type of organization
* Purpose and objectives of the project
* Specific interventions for the project
* Target population: demographic, age, race, gender, SES, special needs, etc. * Location(s) and setting(s) of project, and
* Relevance of the proposed project to the funding intentions The table of contents is the guide for the reader. The specific aims section is where the applicant will write about the “rationale and basis for the development and possibly approval for funding for this grant”. (Yuen, 2003) This section goes by many names; it may also be labeled as the needs and problem statement, the background and significance section, or the literature review. When addressing the needs/problem statement the uniqueness of the situation should be highlighted, the applicant’s insight of the situation, and the way the applicant will be attempting to fix the problem. But the applicant must also make sure that the need for the grant is articulated clearly. The most important part to remember when writing this section is to make sure the statement is well written, that there are expert views that support the argument, and the applicant explains why securing funding is critical. This is the section that you explain the “what”, “why”, and “what”; what is happening?, why it is happening?, what can you do to fix it?. When discussing the target population the applicant must “make a case here that the target population is especially at risk or in an urgent situation and needs to be served.” (Yuen, 2003) The applicant must make sure that they explain why this particular group needs the service more than any other group. To accomplish this successfully write it persuasively and use and cite credible sources to support the claims. This is the section that the applicant sells the idea to the grantor. Make the grantor see and understand why their funds are needed by this particular organization more than any other. The approaches and methods section will “lay out the proposed interventions or solutions that are intending to bring about changes on issues identified in the previous section”. (Yuen, 2003) This section should begin with an introduction or summary. It should be explicit and to the point, but yet clear and concise, and explain why the...
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