Steps to an Ecology of Mind

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  • Topic: Gregory Bateson, Psychology, Mary Catherine Bateson
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STEPS TO AN ECOLOGY OF MIND
COLLECTED ESSAYS IN ANTHROPOLOGY, PSYCHIATRY, EVOLUTION, AND EPISTEMOLOGY

Gregory Bateson

Jason Aronson Inc. Northvale, New Jersey London

Balinese Painting ( Ida Bagus Djati Sura; Batuan, 1937 ) [Analysis, p. 147]

Copyright ® 1972, 1987 by Jason Aronson Inc. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. No part of this book may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission from Jason Aronson Inc. except in the case of brief quotations in reviews for inclusion in a magazine, newspaper, or broadcast.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Bateson, Gregory. Steps to an ecology of mind. (Chandler publications for health sciences) Reprint. Originally published: San Franciso : Chandler Pub. Co., 1972. With new pref. Collection of articles reprinted from various periodicals. “The published work of Gregory Bateson”: p. Includes index. 1. Anthropology, Cultural—Collected works. 2. Knowledge, Theory of—Collected works. 3. Psychiatry — Collected works. 4. Evolution — Collected works. I. Title. II. Series. [DNLM: 1. Anthropology, Cultural—collected works. 2. Ecology — collected works. Evolution — collected works. 4. Schizophrenic Psychology—collected works. 5. Thinking—collected works. GN 6 B329s 1972a] GN6.B3 1987 306 87-24133 ISBN 0-87668-950-0

CONTENTS
CONTENTS
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1971 PREFACE 1987 PREFACE FOREWORD INTRODUCTION

4
6 8 10 13

2
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7

Part I: Metalogues
Metaloque: Why Do Things Get in a Muddle?* Metalogue: Why Do Frenchmen?* Metalogue: About Games and Being Serious* Metalogue: How Much Do You Know?* Metalogue: Why Do Things Have Outlines?* Metalogue: Why a Swan?* Metaloque: What Is an Instinct?*

21
22 26 30 35 39 43 47

3
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6

Part II: Form and Pattern in Anthropology

63

Culture Contact and Schismogenesis* 64 Experiments in Thinking about Observed Ethnological Material*72 Morale and National Character* 82 Bali: The Value System of a Steady State* 94 Style, Grace, and Information in Primitive Art* 108 Comment on Part II 124

4

Part III: Form and Pathology in Relationship
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 Social Planning and the Concept of Deutero-Learning* A Theory of Play and Fantasy* Epidemiology of a Schizophrenia* Toward a Theory of Schizophrenia* The Group Dynamics of Schizophrenia* Minimal Requirements for a Theory of Schizophrenia* Double Bind, 1969* The Logical Categories of Learning and Communication* The Cybernetics of “Self”: A Theory of Alcoholism* Comment on Part III

126
127 138 149 153 171 181 199 205 225 244

5

Part IV: Biology and Evolution

245

5.1 On Empty-Headedness Among Biologists and State Boards of Education* 246 5.2 The Role of Somatic Change in Evolution* 248 5.3 Problems in Cetacean and Other Mammalian Communication*260

5.4 5.5

A Re-examination of “Bateson’s Rule”* Comment on Part IV

270 284

6
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5

Part V: Epistemology and Ecology
Cybernetic Explanation* Redundancy and Coding* Effects of Conscious Purpose on Human Adaptation* Form, Substance, and Difference* Comment on Part V

286
287 295 313 318 329

7
7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5

Part VI: Crisis in the Ecology of Mind
From Versailles to Cybernetics* Pathologies of Epistemology* The Roots of Ecological Crisis* Ecology and Flexibility in Urban Civilization* The Published Work of Gregory Bateson

330
331 337 343 347 355

1.1

1971 PREFACE

I have been one of Gregory Bateson’s students for three years and I was able to help him select the essays which are here brought together for the first time in one volume. I believe that this is a very important book, not only for those who are professionally concerned with the behavioral sciences, biology, and philosophy, but also and especially for those of my generation — the generation born since Hiroshima—who are searching for a better...
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