Steps for Integration: Booker T. vs. W. E. B. Du Bois

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Steps for Integration: Booker T vs. WEB Du Bois

Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois both had their own individual approaches for dealing with Black America’s poverty, discrimination, and segregation problems at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries. Their opposing strategies both greatly assisted their race through the times of struggle. They fought for the same thing, but had different ways of handling the situation in order to change the country at that time. Although WEB Du Bois’ strategy for immediate integration was a good one, I believe that Booker T Washington’s strategies of gradual integration and focusing on the black race as a whole were more appropriate for the time period of 1877-1915.

The school enrollment by race was much lower for blacks in the period when Washington and Du Bois made a great impact on the educational system. Beginning around 1905, there was an upward spike in Black schooled children which is credited to the efforts and influence from both Washington and Du Bois. From 1890-1910, the percentage of illiteracy in blacks was cut in half (B). Du Bois and Washington also helped reduce the racial discriminations against blacks. After the highest number of lynchings in 1890; they began to become less common over the next 20 years(C). Booker T. wanted all black Americans to learn trades. This is the primary reason that he set up Tuskegee institute. He wanted them to pass on those skills, and use those skills so their families could have a better life. In his famous Atlanta address he stated “Cast down your bucket where you are…while doing this you can be sure in the future, as in the past, that you and your families will be surrounded by the most patient, faithful, law-abiding, and un-resentful people that the world has seen.”(D). This excerpt from the document basically says that whites should hire blacks because they will be good and respectful workers. When we are taught a specific trade and...
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