Stephen Hawking

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Physics Biography

Stephen Hawking

Throughout history there have been many people who have contributed to science. Many theorists have brought great work and ideas into the physics field. One of the greatest theoretical physicists in history is Stephen Hawking.

Stephen William Hawking was born on the 8th of January in 1942, which is also the 300th anniversary of Galileo Galilei’s death. He was born in Oxford, England. At age 11, Hawking went to St. Albans School, and then later went on to go to The University College, Oxford. His Father, Frank also went to this college. Stephen really wanted to study math in college, but his father wanted him to study medicine, but since math wasn’t available at this college, he pursued physics. After 3 years, Hawking went to Cambridge to do research in cosmology, where he gained his ph.D. Shortly after Stephen turned 21, he was diagnosed with a disease known as Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. This is a disease where all of the nerves that control your muscles shut down. Doctors gave Stephen 2 and half years to live.

In 1974, Stephen’s research made him famous when he showed that black holes aren’t the information vacuums that scientists always thought they were. What this means is that Hawking showed that matter can escape the gravitational force of a collapsed star. This was called Hawking Radiation. Starting in 1988, he wrote a book named A Brief History of Time, about cosmology for the masses. Later, in 2001, he wrote another book named The Universe in a Nutshell, Which was a bigger guide to cosmology theories. Together, with the books and his own research, he hoped of finding a theory that would combine cosmology with quantum mechanics to help find out how the universe began. Hawking’s new work, concludes that the big bang was the inevitable consequence of the laws of physics. He stated that “Because there is a law such as gravity, the...
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