4 принципа: 1.The key to success is shifting from a monopoly to competitive environment; 2.The competition must be run for “best value” rather than simply for “low cost.”; 3.Even when the government contracts out work to be performed, it does not give up any of its control or management responsibilities.; 4.There is a critical need for detailed metrics.
4С методология: Challenge the need for the service and the way it is carried out; Consult with all relevant stakeholders; Compare the performance of the service with other providers; Compete–test the competitiveness of the service.
PPPs combine the resources of government with those of private agents (business or not-for-profit bodies) in order to deliver societal goals. Формы ГЧП: Public leverage, Competitive tendering, contracting-out (outsourcing) and competitive sourcing, Franchising, Joint ventures, Strategic partnering.
Public leverage. •The purpose –to create conditions attractive to private sector investment and business development, Mechanism: government prepares land for industrial development, provides tax breaks, offers subsidies, etc, •Funding: public, •Timescale: medium term, open ended, •Partner relationships: government seeks to attract business partners.
Contracting out. •Contracting out involves separating the purchaser of a service from the provider, •Government concentrates on the former, defining the service portfolio and developing the standards, •Contracting out is the logical outcome of a competitive tendering or market testing process, •Procedures, staff skills, and culture must be transformed from the hierarchical mode of supervising direct service provision to that of service design and contract management, •The purpose –to achieve cost... [continues]
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