1. The revolutions of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries helped to spread Enlightenment ideals and (p. 782) 2. Revolutionaries of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century (p. 783) 3. John Locke wrote the Second Treatise of Civil Government. Which of the following was not one of John Locke’s main ideas? (p. 783) 4. Which one of the following was not one of the basic ideals of the Enlightenment thinkers? (p. 784) 5. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, in his Social Contract, argued that in every country the sovereign voice of government (p. 784)
6. After the end of the Seven Years’ War, (p. 784)
7. The Declaration of Independence’s contractual view of political structure in which the government drew its authority from “the consent of the governed” was influenced by (p. 785) 8. Which of the following was not one of the principles built into the government of the newly formed American state? (p. 785) 9. What was the main slogan for the colonies in the years leading up to the American Revolution? AND what phrase summed up the guiding principles of the French Revolution? (p. 785, 788) 10. Which of the following is true about the leaders of the French Revolution? AND on 17 June 1789, members of the third estate seceded from the Estates General and declared that would from then on be known as what? (p. 786, 788) 11. The ancient régime was (p. 786)
12. In August 1789, the National Assembly expressed the guiding principles of the French Revolution by issuing what document? AND how did the leaders of the Convention hope to hold off invading counterrevolutionary forces? (p. 788, 790)
13. In response to the Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen (p. 781) 14.Under whose leadership was the most radical period of the French Revolution reached? AND what was Maximilien Robespierre known as? (p. 790) 15. During the rule of the Directory, (p. 790)
16. What was the Concordat? Which of the following is true about Napoleon’s Civil Code? (p. 792) 17. The turning point in Napoleon’s career was his disastrous 1812 invasion of what area of Europe? AND where did Napoleon’s final defeat occur? (783) 18. Where did the only successful slave revolt in history take place? AND which leader was responsible for the success of the Saint-Domingue uprising? (p. 794, 795) 19. The creoles of Latin America were influenced by the ideals of the Enlightenment (p. 797) 20. Colonial rule in Mexico ended in 1821 when the capital was seized by (p. 797) 21. What was the goal of Simón Bolívar? AND what revolutionary leader, frustrated over his inability to put together a South American confederation, lamented that “those who have served the revolution have plowed the sea”? (p. 797, 798) 22. Which of the following Latin American revolutionary leaders is not correctly linked with his country? (p. 797) 23. The leader who helped lead Brazil to independence was (p. 798) 24. Which of the following was among the leading proponents of conservatism in the eighteenth century? AND what nineteenth-century English thinker promoted individual freedom, universal suffrage, taxation of high personal income, and an extension of the rights of freedom and equality to women? AND what did William Wilberforce do? (p. 799, 800) 25. While women in France and Latin America did not win the right to vote until after the Second World War, when did American and British women gain the franchise? AND who was the author of A Vindication of the Rights of Women? AND who was the organizer of the Seneca Falls Conference? (p. 802, 803, 805) 26. What happened after the ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1870? (p. 802) 27. Which of the following was founded by Theodore Herzl? (p. 807) 28. Who was the leading conservative politician at the Congress of Vienna? AND the German leader Otto von Bismarck believed that the great issues...