Stem Cutting

Topics: Deciduous, Evergreen, Plant morphology Pages: 1 (309 words) Published: April 18, 2013
Types of Stem Cutting!
Herbaceous Cuttings These cutting are made from non-woody plants such as house plants and perennials. Appromaxite a three to five inch piece of stem is removed from the parent plant. Leaves on the lower section roughly about one third to one half of the stem are removed. A higher percentage of the cuttings roots germinate and they do so quickly.

Softwood Cuttings (Leafed cuttings)
These cuttings are prepared from soft, woody plants just as they are about to reach full maturity. Shoots are most suitable for making softwood cutting when they can be snapped easily when bent and when they still have a gradation of leaf size. For most woody plants this stage mainly occurs during the period May-July. The soft shoots are usually handled with care and must be kept away from drying out. 75-125mm long with two nodes or more.

Semi-Hardwood Cuttings
These cuttings are usually prepared from partially mature wood of the current season’s growth, just are a flush of growth. This type of cutting normally is made from mid July to early fall. The wood is reasonably firm and the leaves of mature size. Many broadleaf evergreen shrubs are some conifers are propagated by this method.

Hardwood cuttings
These cuttings are normally from dormant mature stems in late fall, winter or early spring. Plants generally are fully dormant with no obvious signs of active growth. The wood is firm and does not easily bend. Hardwood cuttings are used most often for deciduous shrubs but can be used for evergreens. Example of plants propagated at the hardwood stage include fig, grape,spirea. The three types of hardwood cutting are straight, mallet and heel. A straight cutting is the most commonly used stem cutting. Mallet and heel cutting are used for plants that may be difficult to root.
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