John Paul Estacio
STEM CELL THERAPY: Renewal of skin among Filipinos ages 40 above
Stem cells have recently become a huge buzzword in the skincare world. But what does it really mean to use stem cells in skin care? Stem cells have the remarkable potential to develop into many different cell types in the body. When a stem cell divides, it can remain a stem cell or become another type of cell with a more specialized function, such as a skin cell. . STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
What is a stem cell therapy?
Will skin cell therapy help people live longer?
Is skin cell therapy expensive?
What are the risks of skin cell therapy?
When is skin cell therapy discovered?
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Over the decades, multiple procedures have been presented for rejuvenation of the face, most of them stressing the need for extensive surgery in the form of a facelift. In the last 10 years, use of temporary fillers has become a very popular avenue for temporary rejuvenation, or at least for creating the illusion of a younger, more rested, facial appearance. Still there is controversy surrounding the use of stem cells, as some experts say that any product that claims to affect the growth of stem cells or the replication process is potentially dangerous, as it may lead to out-of-control replication or mutation. Others object to using embryonic stem cells from an ethical point of view. Some researchers believe that the use of stem cell technology for a topical, anti-aging cosmetic trivializes other, more important medical research in this field. SCOPE AND DELIMITATION
This research only covered the use of stem cell therapy specifically for skin only, thus any other application of stem cell except the skin will not be covered. Furthermore, this research covers only the stem cell treatment for skin among Filipinos ages 40 and up. This research will tackle the benefits and risk of stem cell therapy.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
REPLICATION PROCESS-Is a biological process that occurs in all living organisms and copies their DNA; it is the basis for biological inheritance. The process starts when one double-stranded DNA molecule produces two identical copies of the molecule. FACELIFT-Is a type of cosmetic surgery procedure used to give a more youthful facial appearance REGUVANATION-is the reversal of aging and thus requires a different strategy, namely repair of the damage that is associated with aging or replacement of damaged tissue with new tissue. SKIN GRAFT-is a type of graft surgery involving the transplantation of skin. ENZYMES-are large biological molecules responsible for the thousands of chemical interconversions that sustain life.
Stem Cells May Be Used as Skin Grafts
Human embryonic stem cells can be used to produce skin grafts for people who have been seriously burned, shows a study published in The Lancet. Though patients have benefited from cell therapy for two decades, the techniques used have had limitations, write Hind Guenou, PhD, of INSERM and the Institute for Stem Cell Therapy and Exploration of Monogenic Diseases in Evry Cedex, France, and colleagues. In one technique, a patient's own skin cells, or keratinocytes, are taken and more are grown in the laboratory to replace damaged skin, the researchers say. This method has a major drawback, however: it takes three weeks to grow enough cells, and this puts patients at risk of dehydration and infection. Specially processed skin from a deceased donor can be used to cover wounds, but availability is limited, and the tissue often is rejected by the patient, the researchers write. So the scientists in this study, employing a pharmacological treatment over 40 days, seeded...
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